|VI||Isolation of Elements||19|
|VIII||d- and f-Block Elements|
|X||Haloalkanes and Haloarenes||28|
|XI||Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers|
|XII||Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids|
|XIII||Organic Compounds containing Nitrogen|
|XVI||Chemistry in Everyday Life|
Classification of solids based on different binding forces: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea). Unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties.Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators and n & p type semiconductors.
Lanthanoids :Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactvity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.Actinoids :Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids.
Haloalkanes:Nomenclature, nature of C-X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions, optical rotation.Haloarenes:Nature of C -X bond, substitution reactions (Directive influence of halogen in monosubstituted compounds only.
Uses and environmental effects of – dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform freons, DDT.
Alcohols:Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties( of primary alcohols only), identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol.Phenols:Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillic substitution reactions, uses of phenols.
Ethers:Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses.
Aldehydes and Ketones:Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of nucleophillic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes: uses.Carboxylic Acids:Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.
Amines:Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines.Cyanides and Isocyanides :will be mentioned at relevant places in context.
Diazonium salts:Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.
Carbohydrates :Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccahrides (glucose and fructose), D-L configuration oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen) importance.Proteins :Elementary idea of α – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, structure of proteins – primary, secondary, tertiary structure and quaternary structures (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes. Hormones – Elementary idea excluding structure.
Vitamins :Classification and functions.
Nucleic Acids :DNA and RNA.
Chemicals in medicines :analgesics, tranquilizers antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines.Chemicals in food :preservations, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants.
Cleansing agents – :soaps and detergents, cleansing action.
|CBSE Chemistry Syllabus Class 6||CBSE Chemistry Syllabus Class 7||CBSE Chemistry Syllabus Class 8||CBSE Chemistry Syllabus Class 9||CBSE Chemistry Syllabus Class 10|