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Average Rate of Change Formula

 The Average Rate of Change function is defined as the average rate at which one quantity is changing with respect to something else changing. In simple terms, an average rate of change function is a process that calculates the amount of change in one item divided by the corresponding amount of change in another. Using function notation, we can define the Average rate of Change of a function f from a to x as
Average Rate of Change
Where,
f(a) and f(x) are the value of the function f(x) at the range ‘a’ and ‘b’ and ‘a’ and ‘b’ are the range limit.

Solved Examples

Question 1: Calculate the average rate of change of a function, f(x) = 3x + 12 as x changes from 5 to 8 ?
Solution:Given,
f(x) = 3x + 12
a = 5
b = 8

f(5) = 3(5) + 12
f(5) = 15 + 12
f(5) = 27

f(8) = 3(8) + 12
f(8) = 24 + 12
f(8) = 36

The average rate of change is,
A(x) = $\frac{f(b)-f(a)}{b-a}$

A(x) = $\frac{f(8)-f(5)}{8-5}$

A(x) = $\frac{36-27}{3}$

A(x) = $\frac{9}{3}$

A(x) = 3