Logical reasoning is the process of using rational thinking and systematic series of steps based on mathematics procedures and statements that are provided in order to reach a conclusion.
The topics in the Logical Reasoning part are mentioned below:
- Deductive Reasoning
- Inductive Reasoning
- Abductive Reasoning
- Deductive Reasoning:
In this type of reasoning the conclusion is checked whether it is apt for the given set of rule.
Example- “When the sun shines bright, the crop gets ripened. Wheat is a crop, therefore: when the sun shines bright, wheat gets ripened.”
Example- “All dolphins are mammals, all mammals have kidneys; therefore all dolphins have kidneys.”
- Inductive Reasoning:
In this type of reasoning the actual determination of the rule is mainly supported. It takes up many hypothetical examples and makes a conclusion out of that, which forms a precondition in terms of the rule.
Example- “The phone rang every time a person calls, therefore whenever the phone rings there is always a call.”
- Abductive Reasoning:
In this type of reasoning best explanation to the inference given. It selects a set of preconditions which is convincing. The condition and a rule given are true and it attempts to select the probable premises which if is true can also support the conclusion, which may not be a unique one.
Example- “When the phone rings, there is an incoming call. There is an incoming call. Therefore, the phone might have ringed.”
Verbal reasoning points out the ability to understand and reason using framed concepts in words. The main aim of verbal reasoning is to evaluate our thinking ability in a constructive way. In a sense that includes only fluency, grammar or vocabulary recognition.
The topics in the Verbal Reasoning part are mentioned below:
- Verbal Analogies
Propositions are the basic aspect of verbal reasoning. A proposition is a statement which shows facts, judgments or opinion about someone or something. A simple sentence such as “Birds fly in the sky.” is a form of preposition.
A premise is a form of preposition that contains a solution. Example: “Sam has brought no food and therefore he won’t be able to eat his lunch,” has two premises that conclude that Sam is going to stay hungry.
A syllogism is an argument which contains premises in order to get the truth. Example: “Mathew is a man. All men have a mustache, therefore Mathew has a mustache.” The validity of the statement depends on the truth and facts which relate to the premises.
- Verbal Analogies:
Verbal analogies are depended on the comparison between two concepts or subjects based on relations between them. Example: “A dog to a kennel is just like the horse to the stable.”