The SBI Clerk Prelims Reasoning Syllabus comprises 35 questions that carry a total of 35 marks with 1 mark allotted for each question. The reasoning section of the SBI Clerk exam is a scoring paper which tests the knowledge of the candidates and their capability of solving the general ability problems, with their intelligence.
In simple terms, reasoning is the ability to understand and simplify the problem from the information provided in a twisted manner by applying logic, using the facts in place and verifying them. It is mainly associated with Maths, Science, different languages, etc.
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Important Topics of Reasoning Syllabus
Given below are the topics of the reasoning syllabus for SBI Clerk Prelims exam:
Logical Reasoning and Verbal Reasoning
 Logical Reasoning: Deductive Reasoning, Inductive Reasoning and Abductive Reasoning
 Verbal Reasoning: Proposition, Premise, Syllogism and Verbal Analogies
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Non Verbal Reasoning
 Symbol and their Relationship, Arithmetical Computation, Decision Making, Verbal and Figure classification, Verbal & NonVerbal
 Analytical function, Space Visualization, Judgment, Blood Relations
 Assertion, Seating Arrangement, InputOutput, CodingDecoding
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SBI Clerk Prelims Exam Pattern for Reasoning Section
Candidates should get acquainted with the SBI Clerk Prelims exam pattern of the Reasoning Syllabus before taking the exam:
 Comprises 35 questions.
 Sectional duration of the Reasoning part is 20 minutes
 Total marks is 35 marks
 1 mark is awarded for every correct attempt
 1/4th or 0.25 mark is deducted for every incorrect answer
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Important Bank Information:
Weightage of Questions in Reasoning Section
To get a better understanding of the importance of Reasoning syllabus for SBI Clerk Prelims exam, we have listed below the topicwise expected number of questions in this section:
Reasoning Syllabus – SBI Clerk Prelims 

Topics 
SubTopics 
Expected Number Of Questions 
Logical Reasoning 
Deductive Reasoning 
2 
Inductive Reasoning 
04 

Abductive Reasoning 
02 

Verbal Reasoning 
Proposition 
2 
Premise 
03 

Syllogism 
5 

Verbal Analogies 
03 

NonVerbal Reasoning 
Symbol and their Relationship 
05 
Arithmetical Computation 
05 

Decision Making 
48 

Verbal and Figure classification 
05 

Verbal & NonVerbal 
04 

Analytical function 
5 

Space Visualization 
56 

Judgment 
02 

Blood Relation 
5 

Assertion 
46 

Seating Arrangement 
10 

InputOutput 
05 

CodingDecoding 
5 
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SBI Clerk Reasoning Books and Preparation Tips
The reasoning section of SBI Clerk Prelims exam is a timeconsuming section. While preparing for the Reasoning syllabus of SBI Clerk exam, candidates should understand that a lot of practice is required to excel in this section. During the examination, they should be careful and attempt the easy and short questions first and then move on to the tough ones gradually.
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Here we bring forth a list of books that candidates can refer while prepping up for the SBI Clerk Reasoning section:
Best Reasoning Books for SBI Clerk Exam 

Book Title 
Author Name 
A Modern Approach to Verbal and NonVerbal Reasoning 
R. S. Aggarwal 
Analytical Reasoning 
M. K. Pandey 
How To Prepare For Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning 
Arun Sharma 
Test of Reasoning 
Edgar Thorpe 
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Reasoning Questions and Answers (Practice)
Given below are some of the Reasoning questions and answers from different topics that we hope will prove beneficial for candidates preparing for SBI Clerk Preliminary exam.
Blood Relations:
Question 1 : Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:
There are six children playing football, namely
A, B, C, D, E, and F. A and E are brothers. F is the sister of E. C is the only son of Aâ€™s uncle. B and D are the daughters of the brother of Câ€™s father.
Example 1:
How is C related to F?
 Cousin
 Brother
 Son
 Uncle
Example 2:
How many male players are there?
 One
 Three
 Four
 Five
Solution:
Family tree of six children playing football
Explanation:
Example 1:
The data doesn’t specify whether Câ€™father is a maternal uncle or paternal uncle to A. Hence it is represented as a triangle(unknown). From the diagram, it is clear that C is the Cousin of A who is the brother or sibling of F, hence C is the cousin of F. The correct answer is an option A.
Example 2:
There is a total of three male players and three female players. The male players are represented by a square, they are A, C, and E.
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Calendars:
Question 2: What day of the week was the 4th April 1994?
 Monday
 Tuesday
 Wednesday
 Thursday
 Friday
Solution:
The year 1994 till April 4th can be broken down as follows:
1600 + 300 + 93 + 4th April (from January to April in 1994)
The number of odd days in 1600 years is â€˜0â€™ (zero) as it is a multiple of 400.
The number of odd days in 300 years is â€˜1â€™.
To find the number of odd days in 93 years (1901 to 1993), divide the number 93 by 4 to find the number of leap years. 93 divided by 4 gives quotient as 23 which indicates that in 93 years there are 23 leap years and 70 ordinary years.
We know that an ordinary year and a leap year has one and two odd days each. Hence 70 ordinary year gives 70 odd days and 23 leap year gives 23*2 = 46 odd days. 70 + 46 = 116. Therefore a total of 116 odd days are present in 93 years. Dividing the number 116 by 7 we get 4 as the remainder. Therefore the total number of odd days in 93 years is 4.
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In the year 1994 till April 4th, only the first three months are over. January and March ahs three odd days each. And since 1994 is not a leap year, February has â€˜0â€™ odd days. And the data is given as 4th April, so the four days of April are also considered as odd days of April.
In total = 3(Jan) + 0 (Feb) + 3(March) + 4 (April 1st to 4th April) = 10 odd days = which indicates 3 odd days when divided 10 by 7.
Total number odd days from each section = 0+1+4+3 = 8.
The number 8 is divided by 7, this results in remainder 1. The number 1 as remainder indicates its a Monday. Hence, the correct answer is option A.
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Simple Equation and Age Problems (Miscellaneous):
Question 3: Six years ago, the ratio of the ages of Nandan and Suraj was 6:5 Four years hence, the ratio of their ages will be 11:10 What is Suraj’s age at present?
A. 18
B. 17
C. 16
D. 15
Solution:
Let the age of Nandan and Suraj six years ago be 6x and 5x respectively. If the 6x and 5x are their ages â€˜6â€™ years ago then after 4 years their ages will be (6x+ 10) and (5x +10) as there is a total gap of 10 years.
We know that after four years ratios of their ages 11:10
(6x+10):(5x+10) = 11:10
(6x+10)*10 = (5x+10)*11
60x+100 = 55x +110
60x55x = 110100
5x = 10
Therefore, x = 10/5 = 2
Hence, Surajâ€™s present age will be: (5x+6) = (5*2+6) = 16
Hence, the correct answer is option C.