SBI PO Mains Reasoning Syllabus

The SBI PO Mains Reasoning Syllabus is one of the major sections of the SBI PO exam. The reasoning section of the SBI PO exam is considered an easy paper to score if a candidate is able to think and answer logical reasoning questions effectively. The Reasoning syllabus for SBI PO Mains exam assesses the knowledge of the candidates and their capacity to solve general ability and logical reasoning problems with their wit and intelligence in a logical or sensible way.

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Reasoning is, therefore, the ability to solve complex problems in a rational manner. For instance, we take the information from the given question and compare it with what is already known and then we need to find the solution to the problem.

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The reasoning skills often happens subconsciously and but our reasoning skills must be improved. As a matter of fact, the Reasoning part completely depends on logical thinking, based on the information we need to find a solution for the given question or situation.

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Important Topics of Reasoning Syllabus

Some of the major topics of the Reasoning syllabus for SBI PO are given below:

  1. Linear Seating Arrangement
  2. Syllogism
  3. Scheduling
  4. Circular Seating Arrangement
  5. Logical Reasoning
  6. Double Lineup
  7. Input-Output, Analytical and Decision Making
  8. Blood Relations, Critical Reasoning
  9. Ordering and Ranking, Code Inequalities
  10. Directions and Distances
  11. Data Sufficiency
  12. Coding-Decoding, Course of Action
  13. Syllogism & Puzzle.
  14. Number series; Statements and Arguments.

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Important Bank Information:

SBI PO Mains Exam Pattern for Reasoning & Computer Aptitude Section

It is imperative for candidates to be aware of the SBI PO Mains exam pattern of the Reasoning Syllabus before they appear the exam:

  1. Comprises 45 questions.
  2. Sectional duration of this part is 60 minutes.
  3. Total marks is 60 marks.
  4. 1/4th or 0.25 mark is deducted for every incorrect answer.

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Weightage of Questions in Reasoning Section

Candidates should understand the importance of Reasoning syllabus for SBI PO Mains exam.

We have listed below the topic-wise expected number of questions in the Reasoning section:

Reasoning Syllabus – SBI PO Mains


Number of Questions



Number Series


Seating Arrangement


Passage and Conclusion


Data Sufficiency


Coding – Decoding




Statement and Argument


Blood Relation


Logical Reasoning


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SBI PO Reasoning Books and Preparation Tips

Reasoning is that part of SBI PO Mains exam where candidates are judged on the basis of logical thoughts and how they can tackle real-world problems. This is a very scoring section and can be very effective if the preparation is done strategically emphasising on all the subtopics accordingly. This section does not need any theoretical knowledge, only practising different types of questions will help the aspirants.

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Here’s a list of books that candidates can refer while preparing for SBI PO Reasoning section:

Best Reasoning Books for SBI PO Exam

Book Title

Author Name

How To Prepare For Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning

Arun Sharma

Test of Reasoning

Edgar Thorpe

Analytical Reasoning

M. K. Pandey

A Modern Approach to Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning

R. S. Aggarwal

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Reasoning Questions and Answers (Practice)

Given below are some of the Reasoning questions and answers from different topics that will prove useful for candidates preparing for SBI PO Mains exam.


Question 1: Read the following premises and state whether the given conclusion is correct or incorrect.

All Pens are Pencils

All tables are pens


Some tables are pencils


B. Incorrect


Syllogism - 4 cases of a Venn Diagram


Observe all the four cases of Venn diagrams, the conclusion “Some tables are pencils” is incorrect according to the last case. Hence, the conclusion is incorrect.

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Question 2: There is a circular field having four doors in North, East, West and South. A person walks 3 meters from the North door. Another person comes out of the South door and walks 9 meters towards East so that he is able to see the first man. What is the length of the diameter of the field?

A. 12 meters

B. 15 meters

C. 9 meters

D. 3 meters


The movement of both the people around the circular field is shown below:

Directions example

From the diagram, it is clear that the point where both of them will be able to see each other will be a tangent to the circular field. Since it’s a right angle triangle and one of the sides is 9 meters, applying Pythagorean triplets we get the values of sides as 9,12 and 15, 15 should be the value of the hypotenuse and hence the length of the other side is 12, but the length of the diameter will be three less than 12, therefore 12 – 3 = 9 meters will the length of the diameter. Hence the correct answer is option C.

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Seating Arrangement and Blood Relations (Miscellaneous):

Question 3: In a class, there are seven students (including boys and girls) T, U, V, W, X, Y, and Z. They sit on three benches I, II and III. Such that at least two students on each bench and at least one girl on each bench. V, who is a girl student, does not sit with T, X and W. Y the boy student sits with only U. T sits on the bench I with his best friends. Z sits on the bench III which her favourite bench. X is the brother of V.

1. How many girls are there out of these 7 students?

  1. 3
  2. 3 or 4
  3. 4
  4. 5

2. Which of the following is the group of girls?

  1. UTVZ
  2. UYV
  3. UVWZ
  4. VWY

3. Who sits with V?

  1. T
  2. Y
  3. W
  4. Z

4. On which bench there are three students?

  1. Bench III
  2. Bench II
  3. Bench I
  4. Bench I and II


The seating arrangement of the scenario can be reprinted as shown below. For convenience, the male gender is represented in red colour and female gender in blue.


Students and their partners.











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  1. Among the seven students, there are four girls. Hence the correct answer is an option C.
  2. The girls are UVWZ represented in blue colour. Hence the correct answer is option C.
  3. The one who sits with V is Z. Hence the correct answer is option D.
  4. There are three students in the first bench. Hence, the answer is option A.

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