CBSE Class 12 Biology Syllabus

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Some of the topics covered are:

Reproduction in Organism.

Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants.

  • Human Reproduction.
  • Reproductive Health
  • Principles of Inheritance and Variation
  • Molecular Basis of Inheritance
  • Evolution
  • Human Health and Disease
  • Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
  • Microbes in Human Welfare
  • Biotechnology: Principles and Processes
  • Biotechnology and its Application
  • Organisms and Populations
  • Ecosystem
  • Biodiversity and Conservation
  • Environmental Issues

CHAPTER 1:Reproduction in Organisms

1.1 Asexual Reproduction

1.2 Sexual Reproduction

CHAPTER 2:Sexual Reproduction Flowering Plants

2.1 Flower- A Fascinating Organ of Angiosperms

2.2 Pre-fertilisation: Structures and Events

2.3 Double Fertilisation

2.4 Post-fertilisation: Structures and Events

2.5 Apomixis and Polyembryony

CHAPTER 3:Human Reproduction

3.1 The Male Reproductive System

3.2 The Female Reproductive System

3.3 Gametogenesis

3.4 Menstrual Cycle

3.5 Fertilisation and Implantation

3.6 Pregnancy and Embryonic Development

3.7 Parturition and Lactation

CHAPTER 4:Reproductive Health

4.1 Reproductive Health- Problems and Strategies

4.2 Population Explosion and Birth Control

4.3 Medical Termination of Pregnancy

4.4 Sexually Transmitted Diseases

4.5 Infertility

CHAPTER 5:Principles of Inheritance and Variation

5.1 Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance

5.2 Inheritance of One Gene

5.3 Inheritance of Two Genes

5.4 Sex Determination

5.5 Mutation

5.6 Genetic Disorders

CHAPTER 6:Molecular Basis of Inheritance

6.1 The DNA

6.2 The Search for Genetic Material

6.3 RNA World

6.4 Replication

6.5 Transcription

6.6 Genetic Code

6.7 Translation

6.8 Regulation of Gene Expression

6.9 Human Genome Project

6.10 DNA Fingerprinting

CHAPTER 7:Evolution

7.1 Origin of Life

7.2 Evolution of Life Forms:A Theory

7.3 What are the Evidences for Evolution?

7.4 What is Adaptive Radiation?

7.5 Biological Evolution

7.6 Mechanism of Evolution

7.7 Hardy-Weinberg Principle

7.8 A Brief Account of Evolution

7.9 Origin and Evolution of Man

CHAPTER 8:Human Health and Diseases

8.1 Common Diseases in Humans

8.2 Immunity

8.3 AIDS

8.4 Cancer

8.5 Drugs and Alcohol Abuse

CHAPTER 9:Strategies For Enhancement in Food Production

9.1 Animal Husbandry

9.2 Plant Breeding

9.3 Single Cell Proteins

9.4 Tissue Culture

CHAPTER 10:Microbes in Human Welfare

10.1 Microbes in Household Products

10.2 Microbes in Industrial Products

10.3 Microbes in Sewage Treatment

10.4 Microbes in Production of Biogas

10.5 Microbes as Biocontrol Agents

10.6 Microbes as Biofertilizers

CHAPTER 11:Biotechnology: Principles and Processes

11.1 Principles of Biotechnology

11.2 Tools of Recombinant DNA Technology

11.3 Processes of Recombinant DNA Technology

CHAPTER 12:Biotechnology and its Application

12.1 Biotechnological  Applications in Agriculture

12.2 Biotechnological Applications in Medicine

12.3 Transgenic Animals

12.4 Ethical Issues

CHAPTER 13:Organisms and Populations

13.1 Organism and Its Environment

13.2 Populations

CHAPTER 14:Ecosystem

14.1 Ecosystem-Structure and Function

14.2 Productivity

14.3 Decomposition

14.4 Energy Flow

14.5 Ecological Pyramids

14.6 Ecological Succession

14.7 Nutrient Cycling

14.8 Ecosystem Services

CHAPTER 15:Biodiversity and Conservation

15.1 Biodiversity

15.2 Biodiversity Conservation

CHAPTER 16:Environmental Issues

16.1 Air Pollution and Its Control

16.2 Water Pollution and Its Control

16.3 Solid Wastes

16.4 Agro-Chemicals and their Effects

16.5 Radioactive Wastes

16.6 Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming

16.7 Ozone Depletion in the Stratosphere

16.8 Degradation by Improper Resource Utilisation and Maintenance

16.9 Deforestation

Practise This Question

In ___, the egg is first fertilised outside the body and then it is inserted into the oviduct.