What Do Different Food Items Contain?

Food is the main source of energy and nutrients in our body. It is made up of several ingredients obtained from plants and animals. The nutrients present in the food include carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals. Food also contains fibres and water beneficial to our body.

Components of Food Items

Proteins

These are required by the muscles, blood, skin, hair, nails, etc. The proteins are obtained from the plant sources as well as animal sources. Lean meat, fish, eggs, cheese are the main source of animal proteins. The proteins present in the milk and eggs contain all the amino acids required by the body. These are a valuable source of energy for kids.

Carbohydrates

These provide energy to the body tissues. These are obtained mainly from plant sources such as wheat, rice, maize, potatoes, peas, beans, and fruits. Out of these, wheat, rice, and maize are the three main cereal crops rich in carbohydrates. They have a large quantity of starch.

Fats

The vitamins are absorbed, stored and transported by the fats. They moisturize the skin and supply energy to different parts of the body. All the cooking oils, milk, eggs, supply fat to our body.

Also read: Nutrients in Human Beings

Vitamins

These are responsible for the growth and maintenance of our body. The essential vitamins include A, C, D, E, K, and B-complex. Vitamin D and K are made by our body. All the other vitamins are provided by the food we eat.

Minerals

The metals, non-metals, and their salts are mined from the soil. These are known as minerals. The most important minerals required by our body are-

  • Iron
  • Phosphorus
  • Iodine
  • Calcium

Nutrients Present in Different Food Items

Food Items

Nutrients

Rice

Carbohydrates

Pulses

Proteins

Maize

Proteins, Carbohydrates

Milk

Proteins, Fats, Calcium

Wheat

Proteins, Carbohydrates

Fruits

Fibres, Vitamins, Carbohydrates

Salt

Iodine

Eggs

Proteins

Each nutrient has a specific function in our body. Deficiency of any nutrient in our body leads to certain diseases. Therefore, a balanced diet is important for healthy living.

Also read: Food production

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