An Essay on corruption is a very common topic. Students can be asked to write essays on corruption in their English exam. It’s crucial students practise essays on some of the common topics before appearing for the exam. Doing so will improve their writing section and help them in scoring more marks in the English paper. Here, we have provided a sample Essay on Corruption. By going through it, students will get an idea of organising their content and writing an effective essay to fetch more scores. Students can also use this essay on corruption as a reference to prepare for any essay writing competition in their school.
Essay on Corruption
Corruption is defined as an abuse of entrusted power for private gain. It is a form of dishonesty or criminal offence undertaken by a person or an organization. It generally occurs when an office-holder or other governmental/private employee acts in an official capacity for personal gain. However, it can take place anywhere in the business, government, the courts, the media, civil society and across all sectors.
Corruption breaks trust, weakens democracy and hampers the economic development of a country. Due to corruption, inequality, poverty, social division and the environmental crisis have increased in India. Moreover, it takes many forms. For example, a public servant demanding or taking money or favour in exchange for services. Some other incidents include a politician misusing public money or granting public jobs or contracts to their sponsors, friends and families, or corporations bribing officials to obtain lucrative deals.
Methods of Corruption
Corruption includes many activities. Some of them are listed below. Let’s understand each of them in detail:
Bribery: It is an act of offering some money or something valuable to persuade someone to do something for them. It is probably the most common form of corruption to occur in society.
Extortion: Extortion means forcing someone into giving something through threats.
Fraud: It is an act of cheating somebody to get money, property etc. illegally.
Embezzlement is the fraudulent taking of personal property by someone to whom it was entrusted. It is most often associated with misappropriation of money.
Collusion is a deceitful agreement or secret cooperation between two or more parties to limit open competition by deceiving, misleading or defrauding others of their legal rights.
Abuse of discretion: Some cases of corruption involve an abuse of discretion. Examples include a judge improperly dismissing a criminal case, a customs official using their discretion to allow a banned substance through a port.
Favoritism, Nepotism and Clientelism: All these activities involve the abuse of discretion. The only difference is that these abuses are not driven by self but by a group of people, family members, political party, tribe, religion, other groups, etc.
Cronyism refers to the appointment of friends and associates to positions of authority, without proper regard to their qualifications.
Patronage: may refer to a type of corruption in which a party in power rewards groups, families, or ethnicities for their electoral support using illegal gifts or fraudulently awarded appointments or government contracts.
Reasons that contribute to development of Corruption
The reasons that primarily contribute to the development of corruption are faulty governments and policies, poorly conceived/managed development programmes, weak criminal justice systems, lack of transparency and accountability, poor civil servant remuneration systems as well as inadequate checks and balances in organisations.
Transparency: The Way to Stop Corruption
Corruption hinders social, political, legal and economic progress. It distorts decision making, discourages investment and undermines competition. So, it is crucial that we all come together and fight against it. One of the best ways is to bring transparency in the system. This would result in power coming into the hands of the public. Apart from transparency, the enforcement of strict punishment laws, installing the camera in the workplace, providing information to the public, incentivising and appreciating hard work will help eliminate corruption from our country.
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