Indian Culture Essay

500+ Words Essay on Indian Culture

India is a vast country with a lot of diversity in the physical and social environments. People speak different languages, they are of different religions and practise different rituals. There is diversity in food habits and dress patterns. The dance form and music also vary from state to state. The distinctive features of Indian culture and its uniqueness are the precious possession of all Indians. In this essay on Indian culture, students will know the various facets of Indian culture.

Indian Culture

Culture refers to the patterns of thought and behaviour of people. It includes beliefs, values, rules of conduct, and patterns of social, political and economic organisation. The clothes we wear, the food we eat, the language we speak and the God we worship all are aspects of culture. These are passed on from one generation to the next by formal as well as informal processes. Culture is the soul of a nation. On the basis of culture, we can experience the prosperity of its past and present. It may be seen in our religious practices, rituals, sports, art and literature.

Indian culture is the oldest of all the cultures of the world. In Spite of facing many ups and downs, Indian culture is shining with all its glory and splendour. The ancient cultures of Greece, Egypt, Rome, etc.,were destroyed with time, and their remnants are only left. But Indian culture is still alive today. Its fundamental principles are the same, as were in ancient times. The teachings of Lord Krishna, Mahavira, and Buddha are alive till today and are a source of inspiration. The values of karma, spirituality, non-violence, praying, reincarnation, truth etc., inspire the people of India today as well.

Characteristic of Indian Culture

Indian culture promotes moral values and the attitudes of generosity, simplicity and frugality. India has a prevailing tradition of the joint family system. It is when extended members of a family – parents, children, the children’s spouses and their offspring live together. Usually, the oldest male member of the family is the head of the joint family and takes all the important decisions.

Arrange Marriages

Arranged marriages have long been the norm in Indian society. Even today, the majority of Indian marriages are planned by their parents and other respected family members. Weddings are the biggest celebration in the family with extensive decoration, rituals, dresses, music, songs, food etc.


India is a multi-cultural, multi-religious and multi-ethnic society, celebrating festivals of various religions. The three national festivals of India are Independence Day, Republic Day and Gandhi Jayanti. These are celebrated by all people with full enthusiasm and zeal across India. In addition, many Indian states and regions have different traditions and festivals which they celebrate. Some of the popular religious festivals include Navratri, Durga Puja, Diwali, Holi, Janmashtami, Rakshabandhan, Maha Shivratri, Ugadi, Ganesh Chaturthi, Rath Yatra, Onam, Vasant Panchami, Dussehra etc.

Food and Cuisines

Indian food is as diverse as India. Indian cuisines use numerous ingredients, deploy a wide range of food preparation styles, cooking techniques and culinary presentation. From starters to main course meals, snacks, desserts, Indian cuisine is invariably complex.


Traditional clothing in India varies across India. Each state has its own traditional dress, which is influenced by local culture, geography, and climate. The popular dress style includes draped garments such as sari for women and dhoti or lungi for men.

Languages and literature

India has varied languages and literature depending upon the area and state. It has 22 official languages, out of which 15 are Indo-European. Sanskrit is the oldest language that is used by Indians and many old literature and scriptures are also found to be written in the Sanskrit language. In India, Hindi is the most spoken language. Other widely spoken languages are Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Odia etc. Other than this, there are various local languages spoken by people depending on their area.

Indian culture can be called an ancient culture, whose past is alive even in the present. Reminiscent of the stone age, Harappa and Mohenjodaro etc., are found, which indicates that cultural development took place in India from time to time. Our ancestors learnt many things from their predecessors, and with the passage of time, they also added value to it from their own experience. As time goes we continue to add new thoughts, new ideas to those already existent and in this way culture is transmitted and carried forward from generation to next generation.

We hope this essay on Indian Culture must have helped students in improving their writing section. They can practice essays on different topics by visiting the CBSE Essay page, at BYJU’S. Students can also download the BYJU’S App to get interactive study videos.

Frequently asked Questions on Indian culture Essay

Why is the Indian culture famous worldwide?

The uniqueness and yet a blend of several beliefs is the reason behind the popularity of the Indian culture.

Are children aware of our Indian culture?

Children and students are not very much aware of our age old culture and should be encouraged much more to follow the same.

How can we promote our Indian culture among youth?

1. Educate children of the richness of Indian culture 2. Organise shows and cultural events in schools

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