Vitamin - B

Vitamin – B plays a vital role in cell metabolism. They are grouped into water-soluble vitamins. Vitamin B comprises of all eight directory complements. Each of vitamin B performs unique functions. Beneath are a brief description of each member of Vitamin B.

Vitamin - B

Vitamin-B1: They are required to derive energy from a food that we consume. They act as a supportive system for normal functioning of our nerves. They are found in various food products namely pork, whole grains, lentils, spinach, sunflower seeds, milk, red meats, cauliflower, and nuts. Vitamin-B1 is also known as Thiamin.

Vitamin B1

Vitamin-B2: It supports the production of cellular energy. They are found in food products such as broccoli, salmon, spinach, eggs, cereals, and milk. Vitamin-B2 are also termed as Riboflavin.

Vitamin B2

Vitamin-B3: It supports cardiovascular health and production of cellular energy. It is one among the form of nicotinic acid. It is also known as niacin. Food sources include lentils, peanuts, beef, fish, and poultry.

Vitamin B3

Vitamin-B5: They are extensively found in animals and plants food sources. They regulate the production of cellular energy. Food sources containing vitamin-B5 include peanuts, cashew nuts, avocados, brown rice, milk, lentils, broccoli, egg yolk, soya beans and brown rice. Vitamin-B5 is known as Pantothenic Acid.

Vitamin B5

Vitamin-B6: It is a key factor for regulating various body functioning of our body. It is essential for the functioning of nerve system and RBC cells. Vitamin-B6 is called as pyridoxine. They are necessary for metabolizing glycogen and amino acids. Food sources containing vitamin-B6 include avocados, beans, chicken, sunflower seeds and sesame seeds.

Vitamin B6

Vitamin-B7: They are found in food products namely soya beans, orange, and strawberries. Vitamin-B7 is known as biotin. Its supports carbohydrates, fat and protein metabolism and it help in the growth of nails, hair, and skin.

Vitamin B7

Vitamin – B9: It plays a vital role in the development of a fetal nervous system. Folic acid, also known as vitamin-B9 are found in foods namely cereals and bread. Other sources of food include spinach, dates, beets, avocado, orange juice, and dates.

Vitamin B9

Vitamin-B12: It is essential for the formation of red blood cells, regular functioning of nerve system and in the production of cellular energy. Cobalamin or Vitamin-B12 is found in food products namely eggs, milk, fish, beef, and chicken.

Vitamin B12

Symptoms of Vitamin B Deficiency

  • Lack of vitamin-B would lead to various health problems. Pregnant women and aged adults are in much requirement of B-vitamins. Under certain circumstances, celiac disease, use of excess alcohol and Crohn’s disease may lead to minimal absorption of B-vitamins. Symptoms of vitamin-B deficiency depend upon the type of B-vitamin that one may be lacking in.
  • Deficiency of Vitamin-B12 may lead to depression, paranoia, and other behavioral problems. It may even cause neurological damage. Some of the symptoms include tiredness, fatigue, uneasiness and may also experience prickle in the feet and hands.
  • Deficiency of Vitamin-B6 may cause anemia, depression, dermatitis, confusion, skin rashes and there would be the possibility of infections.

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Practise This Question

Which of the following is not a characteristic of Planck's quantum theory of radiation?