The Sahitya Akademi Award, created in the year 1954, is an annual literary honour given by the Sahitya Akademi, India’s National Academy of Letters.
Every year, the Akademi grants 24 prizes for literary works written in the languages it recognises and an equal number of honours on literary translations from and into Indian languages.
The Sahitya Akademi award is the second-highest literary honour granted by the Indian government. The first one is the Jnanpith prize. UPSC exam aspirants must refer to the details discussed further below.
IAS aspirants must get the List of Awards in India at the linked article. These awards and their winners are extremely important from the perspective of IAS and other competitive exams.
Kickstart your UPSC 2022 preparation now and complement it with the links given below:
Sahitya Akademi – General Overview
The Sahitya Akademi Award was first given out in 1955, and it has been given out in all of the languages that Sahitya Akademi recognises.
- Two specialists compile the ground list for each language.
- The concerned language board members then send their own lists based on the experts’ list.
- The same is forwarded to the Preliminary Panel. It consists of around ten academics who are fluent in that language.
- The Preliminary Panel’s suggestions are presented to a three-member jury, which chooses one of the suggestions.
Understanding the framework of these awards is important for IAS preparation. The Akademi arranges for the winning book to be translated into multiple Indian languages, ensuring a wide audience, and hosts programmes for the winners around the country.
Importance of the Award
The award consists of a plaque and a monetary prize of $1,000,000. The goal of the award is to recognise and encourage greatness in Indian literature and emerging trends. The yearly procedure of selecting awards takes place throughout the course of the previous twelve months. Satyajit Ray, an Indian film director, created the Sahitya Akademi’s prize plaque. These awards are very important for UPSC Prelims.
List of Sahitya Akademi Award Winners 2022
On December 30, 2021, the Sahitya Akademi Award 2021 was given for literary works in 20 Indian languages. However, the winners list for 2022 is yet to be released.
Sahitya Akademi Award in India
It is an Indian literary award presented yearly by the Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi, for the authors of the most excellent books in any of the twenty-four major Indian languages recognised by Sahitya Akademi, such as Tamil and English and those included in the Indian Constitution’s Schedule. One of the criteria to be chosen as the Sahitya Akademi Award winner is that one should be an Indian, and the publication should be in India.
What is Important for UPSC?
The following pointers are necessary for the UPSC exam:
- The Sahitya Akademi has recognised English and Rajasthani as languages in which its curriculum can be executed.
- After the Jnanpith prize, the Sahitya Akademi award is the second-highest literary honour.
- The author must have Indian ancestry.
- A work that is eligible for the prize must make a significant addition to the language and literature of the genre.
For the current affairs quiz, you should know that D.S Nagabhushan has received the Kendra Sahitya Akademi award for his work Gandhi Kathana, a biography of Mahatma Gandhi.
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Frequently Asked Questions on Sahitya Akademi Awards 2022
What is the Eligibility Criteria?
The book must be an addition to the literature of the genre to be considered for the prize. The book can be creative.
- A translation job; or
- A collection of works by several authors; or
- A condensed version, a compilation, or an annotation; or
- A treatise or research paper written for a university degree or a test
In which year did the Sahitya Akademi Awards start?
The Sahitya Akademi Awards were started in the year of 1954.
Who received the first award?
The first award was given to R K Narayan. It was mainly given his work The Guide in 1960. Over time, new awards have been awarded, including the Bal Sahitya Puraskar, Yuva Sahityakar, and Bhasha Samman by the Akademi.