The term ‘child labour’ is something that all of us have been hearing all our life but do we know what child labour is exactly and why it has been debated over the years. If you are asked to write an article on child labour, what all will you include in your article? Not sure? Well, this article will help you with an idea of how you should write your article on child labour.
- Child Labour – What Is It And Why Is It Important To Eliminate It?
- 250 Words Article On Child Labour
- Detailed Article On Child Labour
- FAQ On Child Labour
Child Labour – What Is It and Why Is It Important to Eliminate It?
Child labour refers to the employment of children under a legally specified age, preventing them from gaining access to formal education. All around the world, every country is trying to do everything in their power to stop child labour. However, abolishing child labour completely is a goal yet to be achieved.
Every country has proposed rules against child labour, and anyone who is found breaking the law would be subject to imprisonment or some kind of punishment as deemed by the court of law. In India, the Indian Constitution lays out rules against child labour under Article 24, which states, “No child below the age of fourteen shall be employed to work in any factory or mine or employed in any hazardous employment”. There are also other constitutional provisions for child upliftment in the Indian Constitution, which include the Right to Education under Article 21 A (Free and compulsory education for all children from the age of six to fourteen) and Article 39 points out that the State shall, in particular, direct its policy towards “Securing the health and strength of workers, men and women, and the tender age of children are not abused and that citizens are not forced by economic necessity to enter avocations unsuited to their age or strength”.
There is also the International Labour Organization that brings together workers, employers and governments of 187 member states in order to set working standards, design and develop policies, and devise programs that promote decent working conditions for both men and women all around the world.
According to the 2020 Global Estimates of Child Labour, 1 in 10 of all children worldwide are engaged in child labour, accounting for around 160 million child workers. Not every work done by a child is considered child labour. A child doing something that, in no way, affects the child’s health and personal development or interferes with the child’s schooling is not child labour. The ILO lists the worst forms of child labour under Article 3 of ILO Convention No. 182 and is working hard to eliminate it without any further delay. According to ILO, the worst forms of child labour include all kinds of slavery (trafficking, debt bondage, serfdom, etc.), procuring children for prostitution or pornography, using children for illegal activities and any work that would harm the health, safety or morals of children.
250 Words Article on Child Labour
Child labour is one of the greatest vices that the world needs to do away with as soon as possible. According to reports, around 215 million children between the age of five to seventeen are currently working under hazardous and illegal conditions. Cases of child labour can be found in almost every field. Child labour can affect the child mentally and physically to a great extent. A child who has been a child worker at some point in life would lack self-confidence, lose faith in the people around them and end up being a sad, affected individual. Do you really think that is how children should be treated? Do you think it is right on your side to treat your own kids right but totally look down and turn a blind eye to kids who do not have the privileges you had or your children have?
Children are seen as the joy of every family, and to remain so, children should be able to be joyful. Children are known for their innocence and their ability to see the good in everyone around them. Let us help children from every corner of the world to be able to be joyful and see the good in everyone around them by giving them the opportunity to avail proper formal education and a chance to live a happy childhood, so they can grow up to become individuals who care and look out for the ones in need.
Detailed Article on Child Labour
The International Labour Organization (ILO) first announced June 12 as the World Day Against Child Labour in the year 2002 to draw attention to the issue of child labour and to curb the increase in the number of child workers around the world. This was initiated mainly to seek effective and immediate measures to stop slavery, human trafficking and forced labour.
The major reason behind child labour is poverty. When parents cannot afford to send their children to schools and give them basic education, they send their children to work. This should not be the case. Children are not meant to work; they are meant to grow up as educated individuals who would work together to make the world a safe abode for every little child who is born into this world, irrespective of their social and economic background. United States Secretary of State John Kerry said, “No parent should ever have to look at a tiny infant and fear that one day that child would be a victim of exploitative child labour.” To make this a reality, it is important that, as educated individuals, people take efforts and spend their time valuably in creating awareness among the less privileged strata of society about the negative effects of child labour.
2021 has been declared as the International Year for the Elimination of Child Labour, and it is high time that we do something concrete to stop any more children from being forced into labour due to their familial situations or economic status. There are people around the world trying to depict the issue of child labour through art. There are numerous stories, portraits, movies, talk shows and debates on child labour. All of them showcase the problems of child labour almost clearly, but the problem is, the kind of contemplation one has after having watched or listened to any of these is that it is merely short-lived. The need of the hour is action, not contemplation. No matter how many times child labour is discussed on public forums, the fact that everyone should understand is that child labour is not something that should be just spoken about but something that should be put an end to.
Kailash Satyarthi, the Indian social reformer, said, “I am positive that I would see the end of child labour around the world in my lifetime, as the poorest of the poor have realised that education is a tool that can empower them.” Education is the only tool to eradicate child labour. Make children realise what education could give them. No child who has ever known the taste of education would ever resort to child labour. So stop thinking, start acting. Educate and empower. Stop child labour, make the world brighter.
FAQs on Child Labour
What is child labour in simple words?
Child labour refers to the employment of children in hazardous work environments that deprives them of their childhood and their right to education.
What are the reasons for child labour?
Child labour can be a result of various factors, including poverty, unemployment for adults and discrimination of basic rights based on the social and economic status of the individual.
What are the harmful effects of child labour?
Child labour can cause physical and mental harm and also promote slavery and
exploitation. Child labour confines individual development, deprives fundamental rights
and threatens the future of the individual.