Corruption is a term that is heard in the news every day, and cases of corruption have become a common occurrence. We keep hearing stories of corruption happening in every part of the country. This article on corruption will give you a complete idea about corruption as a whole.
- Effects of Corruption on Society
- Rules and Punishments for Cases of Corruption in India
- FAQs on Corruption
The term ‘corruption’ normally refers to acts of dishonesty by people in power. It also refers to the action of exercising power over personal needs. Giving and taking bribes, involving in fraudulent activities, embezzlement, double-dealing, diverting funds, laundering money and private property, etc., are all activities that correspond to corruption.
Being corrupt is a choice or a decision made by the individual or an organisation. There are many situations in which people engage in corruption and are sometimes forced to perform acts of corruption. The primary reason or factor that tempts individuals or groups to involve in corruption is the need or greed for money. In most cases, corruption poses itself as one of the easiest ways to make money, but the truth is that most people involved in corruption do not know the consequences of it. Other reasons could include the urge to be recognised, to exercise authority and establish power, to fit into a social construct that is already corrupt, etc.
Effects of Corruption on Society
Like every other problem, corruption also has a lasting and unpleasant effect on society. All those who indulge in corruption mostly for their selfish needs do not realise the risks involved for themselves and everyone around them. They do not think of the situations they would put their families, relatives and friends in as a result of their unending urge to make more money. Wealth is a factor that cannot be done with once people know its flavour. Not one who has tasted the sweetness of life with a lot of money would stop finding more and more ways to keep making money.
The ones who cannot afford much to pay for their children’s education, job, property, loans, etc. are the ones who are exploited and taken for a ride because they would do anything, spend even the last penny left to get what they need as they have no other choice. This kind of governance only leads to loss of confidence and trust in the authorities and higher officials who have to safeguard the rights of the common people. In this fast-developing world, all fields of education and work have become very competitive and as a result of which people go to the extent of giving bribes. In most cases, the people in power seem to take advantage of the helpless situation of common people.
Corruption is seen in every field. In the field of education, hard work and marks are not the factors that would guarantee you a seat in a good college but money. In the professional world, money is the only key that would open doors to a decent job. In the field of medicine, hospitals and doctors take advantage of the situation and neglect to provide treatment unless a huge lump sum of money is paid in advance. The list just goes on. It is a pity that even justice can be claimed if and only if you have a strong financial background.
Rules and Punishments for Cases of Corruption in India
Corruption is a serious offence and the consequences are quite risky. In India, those who indulge in corruption can be punished under the following laws:
- According to Section 409 of the Indian Penal Code 1860, any public servant (government employees, officers in the navy, military or air force; police, judges, officers of the Court of Justice, and any local authority established by a central or state Act) pertaining to a criminal breach of trust is liable to undergo life imprisonment or imprisonment up to ten years with fine.
- The Benami Transactions Prohibition Act of 1988 prohibits benami transactions and will be punished with an imprisonment up to three years and/or with a fine, and all properties would be acquired by the prescribed authority.
- If charged under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988, the guilty will be penalised with a minimum of six years and a maximum of five years and a fine.
- The Money Laundering Act of 2002 puts the individual who is charged for committing the offence with a rigorous imprisonment of three to seven years and a fine of up to five lakhs.
The main issue is that those who indulge in corruption do not understand the repercussions they would have to face as a result of their actions. It is vital to stop corruption, and the way to do it is to educate every individual about the liabilities of corruption and enforce strict rules pertaining to honest and credible governance and exercise of authority.
Frequently Asked Questions on Corruption
What are the causes of corruption?
The main causes of corruption are lack of awareness of fundamental rights and transparency in rules and regulations, low wages and pay scales, over-exercising of power over helpless people, etc.
What are the effects of corruption?
Corruption affects the social and economic development and growth of a nation. It breaks peoples’ trust in judicial systems and governments. It also declines common people’s access to resources.
Is corruption a social problem?
Corruption creates a negative impact on society. The act of corruption is never intended in goodwill, and it affects the well being of the general public. It tampers with people’s lives that in turn leads to loss of trust and confidence in the authorities.