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Enthalpy Formula

The variations together with the heat content of the materials which react, result in enthalpy(H) the accurate word for heat content. Typically, this variation in the heat content or enthalpy is displayed by an alteration in temperature.There is an alteration in the heat of the reaction, during the reaction. The enthalpy change for the reaction is represented by DeltaH (sometimes called the heat of reaction). The enthalpy of products is H2 and is less than the heat content of reactants H1.

Enthalpy Formula is denoted as

Enthaply Change = Heat of the Reaction





As the enthalpy change amplifies itself as heat, the statement “heat of reaction” is frequently made use of in place of enthalpy change of reaction. The key relation between enthalpy change and heat of reaction.The enthalpy of reaction equals the heat of reaction at constant pressure.


Solved Examples


Problem 1: For the thermite reaction compute the enthalpies of formation.

2Al + Fe2O3 àAl2O3 + 2Fe

This reaction occurs when a mixture of powders aluminium and iron(III) oxide is ignited with a magnesium fuse.


DeltaH for Fe2O3 = -826kJ/mol

DeltaH for Al2O3 = -1676 kJ/mol

DeltaH for Al = DeltaDeltaH for Fe = 0


We use the equation.

Enthalpy Formula

DeltaH (reaction) = DeltaDeltaH for Al2O3 – DeltaDeltaH for Fe2O3

DeltaH (reaction) = -1676kJ – (-826kJ)

DeltaH (reaction) = -850kj


Problem 2: For a combustion reaction.

2C8H18 + 25CO2 à 16CO2 + 18H2O

What is the variation in enthalpy of the reaction?


DeltaH for CO2 = -394kJ

DeltaH for H2O = -286kJ

DeltaH for C8H18 = -269kJ


DeltaH = 16 times DeltaH for CO2 + 18 times DeltaH for H2O – 2 times DeltaH for C8H18

DeltaH = 16 times (-394kJ) + 18 times (-286kJ) – 2 times (-269kJ)

DeltaH = -1.09 times 104kJ