GMAT (Graduate Management Admission Test) and GRE (Graduate Record Examination), are two major competitive exams for master’s and doctoral level programs. These tests serve as an admission prerequisite for candidates who would like to pursue their advanced studies at renowned universities across the world. Although the tests have similar sounding test sections they possess several distinctions in terms of syllabus, exam fee, scoring pattern and lot more.
Basically, the GMAT test comprises of four sections: Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA), Integrated Reasoning (IR), Verbal Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude.
Highlights of GMAT syllabus:
(i) Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) –
In this section students need to finish a flawed argument- essay writing task within 30 minutes. The AWA aims at evaluating your writing prowess and your ability to create a compelling argument based on the information given and as per the question as well. The AWA is scored in 0.5 increments between 0 to 6. Also, read How to prepare for AWA.
(ii) Integrated Reasoning (IR) –
The Integrated Reasoning section is a 30-minute section on the GMAT that measures your ability to understand and evaluate multiple types of information – graphics, numeric, and verbal. This section will help you interpret vast amounts of data presented to you in any of the above formats (graphical, numerical and verbal). Once you have mastered this section you should be able to easily differentiate between data that is relevant and information that is not required as well. In managerial positions at every organization, you will have to deal with such amount of data on a daily basis so you should be adept and comfortable with comprehending the same.
(iii) Quantitative Ability-
This section offers 37 multiple choice questions which are formed and based on your fundamental knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, and geometry. The topics comprise of your basic concepts which you would have learned in your middle school and high school. Therefore you will not need to have extensive mathematical knowledge or be a math whiz to be able to score well in this section. The Quant section is basically divided into – Problem solving and Data Sufficiency categories. The problem solving aims at testing your capability to use logical reasoning and analyze the problem to arrive at the answer. On the other hand the data sufficiency section you will be provided with a question and 2 statements. Utilizing the data given you will have to arrive at the solution for the question which is given.
(iv) Verbal Ability –
This section evaluates your command over the English language. This section asks multiple choice questions extracted from Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, Sentence Correction. Most of the aspirants of the GMAT are nonnative speakers of English and hence the adcom of most B-schools will need them to establish their proficiency in the language before granting admissions. This is necessary because the mode of communication for the MBA program will be predominantly only English. Once again the test doesn’t look to examine your literary talents or how vast your vocabulary is, it only aims at checking if you possess basic grammar knowledge. You should be able to scrutinize the passage provided to you and accordingly proceed to answer the questions pertaining to the same for the Reading Comprehension section. The Sentence correction will only evaluate your grammar proficiency and if you are aware of how a sentence has to be structured, whether each section has an appropriate grammar which is utilized.
GRE evaluates a candidate’s interest and intelligence based on the three sections- Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA), Verbal Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude.
Highlights of GRE syllabus:
(i) Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) –
In this sections students need to write two essays: Analyze The Issue Task and Analyze An Argument statement. Time allotted for analytical writing is one hour.
(ii) Quantitative Ability–
This section checks the basic knowledge of the quant with the candidates attempting the exam. The topics which are tested in the exam are as follows – Algebra, Geometry, Data analysis and simple problem-solving techniques based on these concepts.
(iii) Verbal Ability–
This section checks the candidate’s basic knowledge about the English language. The topics advised for the syllabus of GRE verbal section includes:
Idioms and their Expressions, Verb, Tense and its uses, Primary structure of a sentence: noun, pronoun, adjective, Agreement of pronoun, Modifiers, Subject-Verb Agreement and Parallelism
Difference Between GMAT and GRE Exam:
|Abbreviation||Graduate Management Admission Test||Graduate Record Examination|
|Type of Test||Computer Adaptive Test follows a certain algorithm||Majorly Computer Adaptive Test; offers Paper-Based test where internet is facility is unavailable.|
|Exam Fee||USD 250.00||USD 150.00|
|Test Contents||Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA), Integrated Reasoning (IR), Verbal Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude||Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA), Verbal Reasoning and Quantitative Aptitude|
|Test Score Validity||Five years||Five years|
|Test Time||3 hours 30 minutes||3 hours 45 minutes|
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