GMAT English Grammar

It is true that there are a lot of individuals who struggle with the verbal section of the GMAT exam. There are several reasons behind this and one of the primary explanations is due to the minimal or complete lack of reading which individuals have these days. A fast paced lifestyle, development of technology by leaps and bounds, plethora of options online for entertainment and improving one’s knowledge all contribute to this cause. Many students spend limited time to read and it is almost always constrained to either social media or online articles. While this may help you for entertainment reasons it is not going to be that beneficial towards expanding your grammar knowledge.

The verbal section in the GMAT exam is particularly aimed at evaluating whether a candidate is grammatically competent, if he is able to analyze and identify sentences which have errors in grammar, if he can fill incomplete sentences with the appropriate words. The Sentence correction exercise will require you to fill in words which are :

1)apt and concise

2) logically sound

3) Grammatically correct.

There are several ways through which you can successfully navigate your way through this particular section.

Initially before you choose your answers keep in mind that there are sentences and fragments. A sentence which lacks a main verb is a fragment. You must remember that not all words ending with -ING are verbs. Therefore you must choose carefully from the given options the most appropriate one as per the context. In certain scenarios the sentence may be missing a clause (a phrase containing both a subject and a verb). This can either be dependent or independent. You will have to recognize the same since every sentence must have a clause. Any phrase that begins with a conjunction like – Because, although, when, unless, until is also a clause. An – ing word can’t follow this subordinating conjunction.

Next the Subject-Verb agreement must be examined. The subject of a sentence should match with the verb. Some examples of subject-verb agreement are given below :

  • My dog always growls at the postal carrier.
  • I don’t understand the assignment.

The exam may try to confuse you by adding a distracting extra phrase. You should ignore the prepositional phrase in the sentence so that you are able to accurately judge the correct verb form which has to appear along with the subject of the sentence. Other simple things to keep in mind and to be on the lookout for while attempting this section are :- incorrect comparisons (non equal things, people vs objects), Verb tense and forms (identify the correct tense forms like present perfect, simple past, past perfect, simple present etc) , comparative phrases (Like, as, similar, Unlike), Countable vs uncountable objects, word pairs (words that are always utilised or appear together), pronoun usage (I, he, she, we, them, us). A more concise step by step approach for Sentence correction is as follows :

  1. Go over the entire sentence and try to identify the errors which are occuring in the same.
  2. Read the answer choices and use the process of elimination to arrive at the correct answer.
  3. Once you have picked your choice, replace the word you have selected back in the original sentence to see if it fits appropriately.

The key grammatical concepts which are basically tested in this section are already listed above. It is therefore necessary that you are adept at the same so that you are able to ace the Verbal section in the GMAT exam. A very popular method to learn the grammar rules is the use of flashcards. This can be implemented to improve on your vocabulary and to study idioms. Flashcards help you to self evaluate your knowledge, understand its usage and become familiar with the same. BYJU’S provides you with the membean software which helps you to comprehend the meanings of these words in a better manner. Next you could learn more about the ways in which the grammar rules are tested in the GMAT exam. Commence attempting mock tests to help you in this regard. You must be able to judge the techniques and manner in which GMAT incorporates grammar rules in the exam. This is certain to assist you overcome the grammar section easily, effectively and productively.

Apart from the above there are several other steps which you can adopt so that you are able to effortlessly score well in the Verbal division. One of them would be to develop a reading habit in case you don’t already have one. This aids you to get accustomed and exposed to various writing styles of different authors. You will also have the opportunity to learn new words in the process. You can start utilising the words in sentences when you converse or in emails so that you can figure out the context of the same easily. Subscribe to high quality publications like – The Guardian, The Times, The Wall street journal, The Daily Telegraph etc.

The Verbal section also has 2 other sections namely the : Reading Comprehension and the Critical Reasoning sections as well. While both of them are not primarily used to evaluate your grammar skills you will still have to be competent with basic grammar abilities so that you can conquer these sections as well. The Reading comprehension will mostly be aimed at determining if you are able to answer the questions by gathering relevant details from the passage. It is not a test of your knowledge on the subject of the passage but rather on your skills to read a passage of varying lengths and then answer the questions that immediately follow. You should be able to infer from the passage what the author is trying to convey and understand the main context of the same as well. Do not skim through the passage and end up missing on important points, at the same time it is also not recommended that you dwell too much on a single passage since you have limited time to complete this section.

BYJU’S will be glad to help you in your GMAT preparation journey. You can ask for any assistance related to GMAT and MBA from us by calling us at +918884544444. You can write to us at gmat@byjus.com.