GMAT test is intended to evaluate your critical thinking skills, the capability to interpret the problem and solving it. If you’re a prospective GMAT aspirant then you must be aware of the four subsections of the GMAT quant – Algebra, Geometry, Arithmetic or Word problems. In GMAT test, the Geometry section deals with the question related to mensuration, diagrams accompanying questions. In the test approximately 4-6 out of 37 questions can be expected from Geometry. GMAT Geometry syllabus is as follows.

**GMAT Geometry Syllabus**

Angles

Area

Circles

Coordinate Geometry

Lines

Perimeter

Special Right Triangles

Pythagorean Theorem

Quadrilaterals

Polygons

Triangles

Volume

Angles |

Basic Concepts – Angle, Ray, Axiom, Special angles like Complementary Angles, Supplementary Angles, Adjacent Angles. Angle Bisector, Vertical Angles, Alternate Interior Angles, Alternate Exterior Angles, Angle addition property |

Types of Angles – Acute angle, Right angle, Obtuse angle, Straight angle, Reflex Angle & Full Rotation angle. Concepts like Positive and Negative Angles. Intersecting Lines, Parallel Lines Cut by a Transversal, and Sum of Angles. |

Area |

Area of a Square, Rectangle, Parallelogram, Triangle, Regular n-Polygon, Trapezoid, Circle, Ellipse, Cube (surface), Sphere (surface), Cylinder (surface of side), Cylinder (whole surface), Cone (surface), Torus (surface). |

Circles |

Basic Concepts – Circle, Circumference, Radius, Diameter, Chord, Central Angle, Arc, Sector of a Circle, Center of a Circle, Circumscribed Circle, Inscribed Circle, Concentric Circles |

Properties of a Circle – Inscribed Angle & Central Angle, Inscribed Triangle, Inscribed Circles & Circumscribed Circles, Formulas for Circles – Area, Diameter, Circumference, Central Angle, Area of Sector, Length of an Arc. |

Coordinate Geometry |

Cartesian Coordinate System, Quadrants, Slope and its categories – Positive Slope, Negative Slope, Slope of Zero & Undefined Slope. Writing the Equation of a Line, Axis Intercepts, Distance Between Points in a Graph – Formula |

Lines |

Basic concepts like Lines and Line Segment, Parallel & Perpendicular Lines. Intersecting Lines and Angle formed by the intersect – Vertical & Supplementary Angles. |

Perimeter |

Perimeter of a Triangle, Square, Rectangle, Parallelogram, Rhombus, Trapezoid, Circle (Circumference) |

Special Right Triangles |

Bisected Equilateral Triangle or 30°-60°-90° Right Triangle, Isosceles Right Triangle or 45°-45°-90° Triangle, The Pythagorean Theorem and Triplets. |

Quadrilaterals |

Area and Perimeter of Basic Quadrilaterals – Square, Rectangle, Parallelogram, Rhombus, Trapezium, Isosceles Trapezium, Kite. |

Polygons |

Angle Rules for Polygons. Regular Polygons – Equilateral Triangle, Square, Regular Pentagon, Hexagon, Heptagon, Octagon, Nonagon, Decagon |

Triangles |

Properties of All Triangles – Sum of Angles is 180, Triangle Inequality Theorem, Longest Side Opposite Largest Angle; Exterior Angle Theorem; Types of Triangles; Similar Triangles; When Are Triangles Similar? Properties of; Similar Triangles; Congruent Triangles; When Are Triangles Congruent?; Properties of Congruent Triangles; Area of a Triangle |

Volume |

Volume and Surface Area of all major Geometrical Shapes – Cube, Rectangular Prism, Sphere, Ellipsoid, Cylinder, Cone, Pyramid, Torus |

To ace Geometry questions, it is essential to memorise the formulae and must be capable to estimate its application for easy solving the questions. Byjus will be glad to help you in your GMAT preparation journey. You can ask for any assistance related to GMAT and MBA from us by just giving a missed call at **08033172797**, or you can drop an SMS. You can write to us at gmat@byjus.com.

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