An important building block of Sentence Correction is Verb tense. We are all aware of the simple classifications in verb tense. For convenience sake, let’s look at various tense forms of the verb “to go” (an irregular verb), with both singular and plural forms.
The basic classification with tense is future, past and present. As the names suggest and as we all know, the past is over, and the future is yet to happen. And the present is what is happening.
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Simple past tense: she went, they went
Simple present tense: he goes, they go
Simple future tense: she will go, they will go
Past perfect tense: he had gone, they had gone
Present perfect tense: she has gone, they have gone
Future perfect tense: he will have gone, they will have gone
Past progressive tense: she was going, they were going
Present progressive tense: he is going, they are going
Future progressive tense: she will be going, they will be going
Past perfect progressive tense: he had been going, they had been going
Present perfect progressive tense: she has been going, they have been going
Future perfect progressive tense: he will have been going, they will have been going
Now, let’s look at an example.
Since the online magazine’s popularity ranking dropped last year, the editors have been determined to update the online content daily, and they are.
- have been determined to update the online content daily, and they are
- are determined to update the online content daily, and have been
- were determined to update the online content daily, and they were
- have been determined to update the online content daily, and they do
- had been determined to update the online content daily, and they have
‘Dropped’ is in simple past. It’s over! We mean to say that the stakeholders are trying (they are still trying) to keep the content updated. It is an on-going process. So, we are looking at the present continuous form of the verb tense when it comes to what the editors are doing. They are determined. And they are updating content regularly. The only option that has both verbs in the right tense is an option is D. When you say that they have been determined, it means that their determination is still continuous. And the simple present verb ‘do’ means that it’s happening right now. so, D makes the cut.
It is essential to identify the base and auxiliary forms of verbs so that you can answer the questions in an easier manner.
Examples of Base Verbs: Working, Talked, Jump, Crawl, Play.
Examples of Auxiliary Verbs (Helping verbs): You should eat your medicines on time
She has been waiting for the cab for over an hour.
There are multiple forms of verb tenses like the below and it is necessary that you know each of them:
- Simple Present Tense
- Simple Past Tense
- Present Progressive Tense
- Past Progressive Tense
- Future Progressive Tense
- Present Perfect Tense
- Future Perfect Tense
- Future Perfect Progressive Tense
Aside from the above there are also Linking verbs which link the subject to the remaining section of the sentence.
Examples: He looked at the books with great interest.
The cake appears delicious.
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