How is the GMAT score calculated?

The Graduate Management Aptitude Test (GMAT) is a computer adaptive test which assesses an aspirant’s mathematical abilities, integrated reasoning, reading and verbal reasoning skills, and analytical writing expertise in the standard English language. GMAT aspirants securing admission to the topmost business schools across the globe need to have strong academic profiles. Having a good GMAT score act as a quintessential point of intake for the selection panel in reputed business schools. Most of the top business schools have high cut-offs like 780 out of the total 800 scores. Besides, there are some universities which consider the section-wise score of GMAT candidates.

Before sending your GMAT score to a university of your choice, you have to understand how is the GMAT score calculated and what does it comprise of? In this article, we bring you a detailed breakdown of the different aspects of the GMAT scorecard and how to calculate GMAT score and understand it at length.

How to Calculate GMAT score?

The GMAT exam is not a simple test. Being a computer adaptive test, it evaluates a candidate’s performance through the assessment and depending upon the accuracy of the previous answer, the computer analyses the response and the difficulty level of the next questions are ascertained. This implies that if your estimated score is higher and you have answered the previous questions correctly, the next question in the test will be harder than the previous ones. On the contrary, if your estimated score is less, the next question is likely to be easier.

The final GMAT score is calculated on the basis of the difficulty level of questions attempted by the candidate. If you have answered difficult questions with correct answers, then this will result in higher scores and easier questions will give you lower scores.

GMAT candidates receive GMAT score on the basis of the four sections – Quantitative, Integrated Reasoning, Verbal and Analytical Writing Assessment. The below table exhibits the time limit and number of questions per section:

Name of the Section

Time Limit

Number of questions

Quantitative

1 hour, 2 minutes

31 questions

Integrated Reasoning

½ an hour

12 questions

Verbal Ability

1 hour, 5 minutes

36 questions

Analytical Writing Assessment

½ an hour

01 (essay)

After taking the exam, your GMAT scorecard will reflect the following five components along with the GMAT marking scheme:

  1. Total GMAT Score (200 – 800), with percentile
  2. Quantitative Score (0 to 60), with percentile
  3. Verbal Score (0 to 60), with percentile
  4. AWA Score (0 to 6), with percentile
  5. Integrated Reasoning score (1 to 8)

GMAT Section

Score Range

Quantitative

0-60

Verbal

0-60

Total Scaled Score

200-800

Analytical Writing Assessment

0-6

Integrated Reasoning

1- 8

What is a Percentile?

Apart from your regular score, the GMAT scorecard also includes your percentile rank on the basis of quantitative, verbal and total score. Technically, the percentile reflects your performance against other candidates and denotes the percent of the population whom you might have scored more by obtaining that score. For instance, if your percentile is 80, it implies that you performed better than 80% of the candidates and there are 20% of the candidates who have performed better than you. The idea behind the percentile is not just your GMAT score but it conveys your performance against other test takers. The total scale of GMAT score is of 200-800 and candidates are given percentile accordingly.

How does the GMAT Score Calculator work?

In order to understand how to use the GMAT calculator, you would need to keep in mind that only the Quantitative and Verbal sections of the test contribute towards your total GMAT score of 200-800 and the other two sections Integrated Reasoning(IR) and Analytical Writing Assessment(AWA) sections receive separate scores. Usually, all scores are sent to B-schools, but currently, the overall GMAT score is comparatively considered more important to secure admissions than any of the other score. Having said that we don’t intend to convey that the AWA & IR scores are deemed to be less fit for the total GMAT score. It doesn’t matter if you score a higher value or a point less than it, but if you make mistakes in either of them, your dream to secure admission in reputed B-schools tends to become dim.

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