California Institute of Technology (Caltech)

California Institute of Technology (Caltech) is an independent, privately supported institution with a 124-acre campus located in Pasadena, California. Founded as Throop University in 1891, it was renamed as the California Institute of Technology in 1920. Caltech is an eminent science and engineering institute, which has produced some of the world’s brightest minds. There are over 24,000 Caltech alumni in the U.S. and around the world. The researchers at Caltech have designed many innovative tools to address fundamental scientific questions and pressing societal challenges. At the end of FY 2017, Caltech’s endowment totalled $2.6 billion.

Caltech’s extraordinary faculty and students work in harmony to invent the technologies of the future. Research interests at Caltech vary from quantum science and engineering to bioinformatics and the nature of life itself, from human behaviour and economics to energy and sustainability. The most popular options for masters are Chemistry, Physics, Biology, Electrical Engineering and Chemical Engineering. Applicants for graduate studies are required to take the GRE. GRE Subject test scores are either required or strongly recommended by several options.


Caltech’s faculty and alumni have earned national and international recognition including 39 Nobel Prizes, 4 Fields Medallists and 6 Turing Award winners. It is the alma mater of four Chief Scientists of the U.S. Air Force and 71 have won the United States National Medal of Science or Technology. Numerous faculty members are associated with the Howard Hughes Medical Institute as well as NASA. According to a 2015 Pomona College study, Caltech ranked number one in the U.S. for the percentage of its graduates who go on to earn a Ph.D.


In 2012, the Center for World University Rankings ranked Caltech fifth in the world and fourth in the U.S. in its CWUR World University Rankings. Caltech was ranked 1st internationally between 2011 and 2016 by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings. It was ranked as the best university in the world in two categories: Engineering & Technology and Physical Sciences. It was also found to have the highest faculty citation rate in the world. The Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), a ranking with an emphasis on bibliometric data and scientific research, ranked Caltech 8th in the world and 6th in the U.S. for 2016. U.S. News & World Report ranked Caltech as tied for the 10th best university in the United States in their 2016 national rankings, with the graduate programs in chemistry and earth sciences ranked first in the nation.


There are approximately 300 professional faculty members and more than 600 research scholars at Caltech The faculty at Caltech participate in research work along with the students. The Institute has one of the nation’s lowest student-to-faculty ratios, with 300 professorial faculty members offering a rigorous curriculum and access to varied learning opportunities and hands-on research to approximately 1,000 undergraduates and 1,250 graduate students. So, the student-faculty ratio of 3:1 aids the research work carried out by the students.

The contributions of Caltech’s faculty and alumni have earned national and international recognition. The Institute manages the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) for NASA, sending probes to explore the planets of our solar system and quantify changes on our home planet; owns and operates large-scale research facilities such as the Seismological Laboratory and a global network of astronomical observatories, including the Palomar and W. M. Keck Observatories; and co-founded and co-manages LIGO, which, in 2016, observed gravitational waves for the first time

Research Work

The California Institute of Technology aims at facilitating society through research. The students are educated to become active members of the society. Faculty and students participate in interdisciplinary research to deal with the limitations in the field of science and technology.

Global Research Facilities

Caltech scientists and engineers invent, use, and share state-of-the-art research tools, supercomputers, and advanced analytical labs, which allow them to think big and create extraordinary research programs. The tools and facilities our people have access to include

Jet Propulsion Laboratory

  • Founded by Caltech in the 1930s and managed for NASA since 1958.
  • Current missions include InSight, Mars Science Laboratory, Juno and Jason 3.
  • More than 100 research and mission collaborations with Caltech faculty.

Caltech Seismological Laboratory

  • Internationally recognized for excellence in geophysical research.
  • Provides research centres for seismic studies, high-performance computing, and mineral physics.
  • Preeminent source for earthquake information all over the world.

International Observatory Network

  • W. M. Keck Observatory, Hawaii
  • Palomar Observatory, California
  • Caltech Submillimeter Observatory, Hawaii
  • Owens Valley Radio Observatory, California
  • Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO), Washington
  • Chajnantor Observatory, Chile

Research Centres and Institutes

Caltech’s researchers are known for scientific inquiry that is bold, innovative, and impactful. Because they’re allowed to freely explore their best ideas, these investigators are able to further technology, theory, and both fundamental and applied science among a broad range of research areas. Cross-disciplinary research centers and institutes that are given below support collaborations that develop powerful ideas and move society forward:

  • Astronomy and Planetary Science
  • Behaviour and Economics
  • Computing
  • Earthquake Science and Engineering
  • Energy and the Environment
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Human Health
  • Humanities
  • Neuroscience

Cost of Education & Financial Aid

Its tuition and fees are $52,362, plus an additional $15,525 for room and board for the year 2018-19. The terms and conditions for financial aid vary depending upon the course. You can plan for your educational expenses according to the financial aid that is provided by the university, government agencies, employers, foundations, academic departments and schools. Financial assistance can be availed in the ways mentioned below:

  • Scholarships – The scholarships are awarded to the students on the basis of merit.
  • Loans – Funds can be availed from the government or private banks.
  • Earnings – Wages paid for assistance in research, teaching etc.

Job Prospects

According to PayScale, the median starting salary of a Caltech graduate is $105K per annum. The popular jobs for Caltech graduates are software Engineer, Research Scientist, Aerospace Engineer, Mechanical Engineer, Senior Software Engineer, Data Scientist, Senior Mechanical Engineer. Leading companies like Spacex, Boeing etc. recruit Caltech graduates. And it doesn’t stop there. Top educational and research institutes like California Institute of Technology itself hire the Caltech graduates.

BYJU’S will be glad to help you in your GRE preparation journey. You can ask for any assistance related to GRE from us by just giving a missed call at +918884544444, or you can drop an SMS. You can write to us at