GRE Grammar Tutorial Part-II

GRE Grammar Tutorial Part-II

GRE Verbal Reasoning Grammar Tutorial on Verbs – Tenses and Forms

The GRE does not test you on grammar. Or so, you think. But to solve questions in GRE Text Completion and GRE Reading Comprehension, you need to apply your knowledge of grammar. So, it’s a good idea to brush up on grammar basics. In this post, let us look into the basics of verbs- tenses and forms.

A verb is the most integral part of a sentence. It is the action word of a sentence and refers to what is happening. You cannot frame a sentence without a verb. In fact, the shortest sentence in the English language is ‘Go’. The main verb is generally associated with a subject.

Karun Nair scored a triple century.

Here, Karun Nair is the subject (noun).’Scored’ is the verb associated with Karun Nair.

Verb tense is broadly classified into 3 types: Present, Past and Future tense. As you would already know, present tense refers to a verb that denotes something happening right now. The past tense denotes something that had happened in the past. And future tense denotes something that is yet to happen, (i.e) set in the future.

There are four forms of verb tense: Simple, progressive, perfect and perfect progressive.

Here is a table with examples:

Simple Progressive Perfect Perfect Progressive
Present I run I am running I have run I have been running
Past I ran I was running I had run I had been running
Future I will run I will be running I will have run I will have been running

The progressive form denotes something that is a continuous activity. It occurs between two distinct points of time.

Facts are stated in simple present, as a rule.

  • The sky is blue.
  • The world is round.

Further examples:

  • I want a cup of coffee.
  • Could you please give me a cup of coffee?
  • I am your Physic teacher this year.
  • Dravid and Laxman make a formidable team.

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