Battle of Plassey Shortnote for UPSC IAS Exam

Battle of Plassey UPSC

Indian History is an essential part of in both civil services Preliminary and main examination syllabus.  A substantial share of the total questions asked in General Studies for UPSC Civil Services examination comes from Indian History. The battle of Plassey is considered as the important event in the history of India.

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Battle of Plassey

Battle of Plassey:

  • The Battle of Plassey was fought in 1757. It is the turning point which marked the unprecedented rise of East India Company’s power.
  • The victory of the Battle of Plassey was a worth mentioning victory of the British East India Company over the Bengal’s Nawab Siraj-Ud-daula.
  • The reason for the Battle of Plassey was that the servants of the company were indulged in abuse of dastaks in inland trade and not paying duty.
  • The battle turned out at Plassey, about 150 km north of Calcutta, near Murshidabad. The main reason of victory was the conspiracy of Robert Clive with Mir Jafar.
  • The Nawab of Bengal, Alivardi Khan kept Europeans under his control and he maintained a cordial relation with English.
  • The seven years war started in Europe in 1756 and in the same year Alivardikhan has died and Siraj-Ud-daula became the Nawab of Bengal.
  • The French and the British and Started the expansion of their fortification and Bengal Nawab Siraj-Ud-daula commanded to discontinue the extension works. They disobeyed the Nawab orders and continued their work.
  • Siraj-Ud-daula was irritated with British approach. He attacked Calcutta with his flock.
  • He detained several English men and imprisoned them. Most of the prisoners were died due to suffocation. This incident was known as ‘the Black Hole Tragedy of Calcutta’.
  • This news reached Madras and British sent Admiral Watson and Robert Clive to Calcutta. And they recaptured Calcutta.
  • Rober Clive also occupied the French settlements in Chandranagore and ultimately French control came to end in Bengal.
  • Robert Clive colludes with Mir Jafar, the chief of the Siraj’s armies to substitute Siraj-ud-daula.
  • Robert Clive planned certain demands which would not have been accepted by the Siraj. Then the war became unavoidable.
  • Siraj-ud-daula was defeated and killed at Plassey on 23 June 1757 was defeated and killed.
  • After the war, Mir Jafar was made the Nawab of Bengal.
  • Robert Clive became the Baron of Plassey. Affairs that occurred after the victory at the Battle of Plassey had changed the British East India Company from a trading company to a central power. Thus, the Battle of Plassey was a significant turning point.


MCQ on Battle of Plassey:

1. Which one of the following is the correct chronological order of the battles fought in India in the 18th Century? (UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Examination 2005)

  1. Battle of Wandiwash-­Battle of Buzar-­Battle of Ambur-­Battle of Plassey
  2. Battle of Ambur­-Battle of Plassey­ -Battle of Wandiwash­-Battle of Buxar
  3. Battle of Wandiwash­-Battle of Plassey­-Battle of Ambur­-Battle of Buxar
  4. Battle of Ambur­-Battle of Buxar­- Battle of Wandiwash­-Battle of Plassey

Answer:  B

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