Comprehensive News Analysis - 06 May 2017

Table of Contents:

A. GS1 Related:
B. GS2 Related:

POLITY

1. Government releases draft rules for no-fly list of unruly passengers

2. Set up database of children in orphanages, SC tells govt.

3. SC cautions against delay in enacting anti-torture law

C. GS3 Related:

ECONOMICS

1. Govt gives wide-ranging powers to RBI to deal with bad loans

2. New terms for PSBs seeking capital: FM

ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY

1. Banganapalle mango gets GI tag 

D. GS4 Related:

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

1. India successfully launches South Asia Satellite, “gift” to

2. Researchers develop synthetic soft retina

D. GS4 Related:
E. Concepts-in-News: Related Concepts to Revise/Learn
F. Bills/Acts/Schemes/Orgs in News
G. Practice Questions for UPSC Prelims Exam
H. Archives

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Useful News Articles for UPSC Current Affairs

A. GS1 Related

Nothing here for Today!!!

 

B. GS2 Related

Category:POLITY

1. Government releases draft rules for no-fly list of unruly passengers

Context:

  • Post Shiv Sena MP Ravindra Gaikwad incident of unruly behaviour, India has proposed a flying ban of two months and up to two years and beyond for any unruly passengers reported on domestic flights in the country.=

New Draft Rules: making India the first country in the world to have a no fly list based on safety.

  • The ministry of civil aviation has proposed three levels of unruly passengers under its proposed draft Civil Aviation Requirement (CAR):
  • Level I: passengers indulging in disruptive behaviour such as physical gestures, verbal harassment, unruly inebriation and other such activities
  • Level II: passengers indulging in physical abuse like pushing, kicking, hitting, grabbing, inappropriate touching or sexual harassment are likely to be booked.
  • Level III: Those indulging in life threatening behaviour like damage to aircraft operating system, physical violence such as choking, eye gouging murderous assault or actual breach of the flight crew among others. Punishment for Level III a ban on flying with the airline on which the act has been committed for at least two years.
  • If security agencies put any passenger’s name on a nofly list he or she too will be banned from boarding flights by all airlines.
  • The ban made by one airline is not binding on the other. If a passenger is banned by one airline then it will be left to other domestic airlines to decide on whether they want to fly such a passenger or not.
  • International Airlines: foreign airlines can implement India’s no-fly list, provided if the Rights of Carriage Act of the international airlines also has similar provisions in it.

Two-level Committee to handle the complaint:

  • Level- 1: Internal committee at the airline level headed by a retired District and Session Judge.
  • Level-2: an appeal at the government-level headed by retired Judge of a high court.

2. Set up database of children in orphanages, SC tells govt.

Context:

A PIL petition was filed on the basis of a 2007 newspaper report alleging that orphanages in Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu, run by NGOs as well as government institutions, were reportedly involved in systematic sexual abuse of children.

Directions issued by Supreme Court:

  • Set up a database of children living in orphanages and child care institutions to ensure their safety and welfare.
  • Centre, States and union territories (UTs) to complete the registration of all child care institutions by year-end. The court said the registration process should also include a database of all children in need of care and protection and update it every month.
  • ‘Ensure privacy’– It asked the authorities concerned to ensure confidentiality and privacy in maintaining the database.
  • Alternative option like adoption and foster care should be seriously considered.
  • It is imperative that the Union government and the governments of States and UTs must concentrate on rehabilitation and social re-integration of children in need of care and protection.
  • Skill development – It said Centre’s schemes such as skill development and vocational training must be taken advantage of keeping in mind the need to rehabilitate such children.
  • Inspection Committees– States and UTs to set up ‘Inspection Committees’ before July 31 to conduct regular inspections of child care institutions and prepare reports of such inspections so that the living conditions of kids there undergo positive changes.
  • Prepare individual child care plans.
  • The process of conducting a social audit must be taken up in right earnest by the National Commission for the Protection of Child Rights as well as by each State Commission for the Protection of Child Rights.

3. SC cautions against delay in enacting anti-torture law

Context:

  • India faced tough peer review at the United Nations Human Rights Council
  • Member countries questioned India on the AFSPA, marital rape laws and custodial torture.

What’s in news?

  • Supreme Court cautioned the government against delay in enacting human rights laws, especially the long-pending anti-torture statute, in national interest
  • Delay in enacting laws to protect citizens against torture and other human rights violations might have “international ramifications.”

 

C. GS3 Related

Category: ECONOMICS

1. Govt gives wide-ranging powers to RBI to deal with bad loans

What’s in news?

  • President Pranab Mukherjee promulgated Ordinance to amend the Banking Regulation Act.

What does the Ordinance seeks to provide?

  • Banking Regulation Act gives legislative powers to the RBI to issue directions to lenders (banking company or banking companies) to initiate insolvency proceedings for the recovery of bad loans under the provisions of INSOLVNCY AND Bankruptcy code (IBC), 2016.
  • Empowered RBI to issue directions to banks for resolution of stressed assets.
  • Empower RBI to set up sector related oversight panels that will shield bankers from later action by probe agencies looking into loan recasts.
  • RBI has been equipped with powers to specify one or more authorities to advise banks for dealing with the problem of NPAs, that have reached unacceptably high levels and urgent measures are required for their resolution.

Key Fact

  • Non-performing assets (NPAs) or bad loans of public sector banks (PSBs) have reached “unacceptably high levels” of over Rs 6 lakh crore
  • The bulk of NPA’s are in sectors such as power, steel, road infrastructure and textiles.
  • Banks have been reluctant to resolve NPAs through settlement schemes or sell bad loans with hair cut to asset reconstruction companies for fear of 3Cs — CBI, CAG and CVC.

Ordinance effectiveness

  • The Ordinance will ensure effective use of IBC 2016 for resolution of stressed assets and give a big boost to the government’s efforts to cut down NPAs in the banking sector.
  • With the enactment of amendment via ordinance, RBI will be able to give specific solutions with regard to hair cut for specific cases.

3. New terms for PSBs seeking capital: FM

  • Finance Minister hinted at more measures that the government is working on to resolve bad loans that will be announced shortly.
  • Public sector banks seeking fresh capital from the Centre would have to commit to reform their own operations and take immediate steps to improve their balance sheet position.
  • The lenders will also have to close unprofitable branches and put in place stronger systems for credit appraisals and management of non-performing assets (NPAs).
  • Government is planning a process of signing memorandums of understanding with public sector banks which seek capitalisation

Category: ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY

1. Banganapalle mango gets GI tag

What’s in news?

  • The succulent Banganapalle mango has received a Geographical Indication (GI) tag, making Andhra Pradesh the proprietor of the variety known for its sweetness
  • Banganapalle mangoes have been grown for over 100 years in Andhra Pradesh. It also known as Beneshan, Baneshan, Benishan, Chappatai and Safeda
  • The prominent characteristic of Banganapalle mangoes is that their skin has very light spots, stone is oblong in shape and has very thin seed with sparse and soft fibre all over
  • The fruits can retain their quality under cold storage even up to three months
  • A GI tag certifies the origin of a product or produce from a particular region as the quality or other features of the product is attributable only to the place of its origin
  • GI is covered under the Intellectual Property Rights and the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
  • The tag helps farmers or manufacturers, as the case may be, to get a better price in the market 

Category: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

1. India successfully launches South Asia Satellite, “gift” to

 What’s in news?

  • India successfully launched a South Asia Satellite.
  • It seeks to provide communications and disaster support to neighbouring countries
  • Space initiative described as a “giant and historic step” in boosting regional cooperation.

Key fact:

  • Modi had proposed the plan for the shared satellite as a gift to the neighbourhood, during the SAARC summit in Kathmandu in 2014.
  • The South Asian Satellite (SAS):
  • India’s new age space diplomacy.
  • The project is funded entirely by India.
  • Mission life is 12 years.
  • Range of services: telecommunication, television, direct-to-home, VSATs, tele-education and telemedicine.
  • Members- India, SriLanka, Bhutan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Maldives. Pakistan has opted out of the project

2. Researchers develop synthetic soft retina

What’s in news?

  • Scientists from the University of Oxford have developed a synthetic, soft tissue retina that closely mimics the natural retinal process.
  • Helps to treat degenerative eye conditions such as retinitis pigmentosa. The condition changes how the retina responds to light, causing people to slowly lose vision.
  • Until now, artificial retinal research has used mostly rigid, hard materials.

Synthetic soft retina:

  • The synthetic, double-layered retina replica consists of soft water droplets (hydrogels) and biological cell membrane proteins.
  • Designed like a camera, the cells act as pixels, detecting and reacting to light to create a grey scale image.
  • The synthetic material can generate electrical signals, which stimulate the neurons at the back of our eye just like the original retina.

Basic information:

Retina:

  • The retina sits at the back of the human eye, and contains protein cells that convert light into electrical signals that travel through the nervous system, triggering a response from the brain, ultimately building a picture of the scene being viewed.

3. Novel molecule to treat cancer 

What’s in news?

  • A novel small molecule, designed and synthesised by Indian researchers, has shown promise in targeted killing of cancer cells.
  • The molecule (Disarib) works by binding itself to a protein called BCL2, which suppresses the death of cancerous cells. While BCL2 protein is produced in excess in cancer cells, its expression is almost undetectable in normal cells. Hence, Disarib targets and kills only cancer cells while sparing normal cells.

Mechanism:

  • Inside a cell there is always a balance between proteins that promote cell death (apoptosis) and those that suppress cell death. When the proteins BAX and BAK that promote cell death get bound to BCL2, cell death is suppressed and cancer cells are able to live longer.
  • Disarib was able to disrupt the binding of BCL2 and apoptosis-causing BAK protein. This action induced the death of cancer cells.

 

D. GS4 Related

Nothing here for Today

 

   PIB Articles                  Editorials Roundup

 

E. Concepts-in-News: Related Concepts to Revise/Learn

 

F. Bills/Acts/Schemes/Orgs in News

 

G. Practice Questions for UPSC Prelims Exam
Question 1: Color of the eye is due to
  1. Retina
  2. Cornea
  3. Iris
  4. Lens
See
Answer
Question 2: Which of the following nations is/are NOT members of OPEC 
(Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries)?
  1. Ecuador
  2. Venezuela
  3. Iran
  4. Indonesia

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1, 2 and 3
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 3 only
  4. None of the above.
See
Answer
Question 3: ‘Mission Raftaar’ is
  1. The Indian Railways’ Mission Mode activity to increase speeds of freight train and super-fast mail/express trains
  2. A component of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways’ ‘Avataran’ or seven mission mode activities, under which all national highways will be made pothole-free by 2019
  3. A complementary programme to the Sagarmala initiative in order to provide efficient road and rail connectivity from ports to the hinterland
  4. A blueprint for making optimum use of the massive renewable energy generation capacity that will be created by 2022
See
Answer
Question 4: Which one of the following countries of South-West Asia does 
not open out to the Mediterranean Sea?
  1. Syria
  2. Jordan
  3. Lebanon
  4. Israel
See
Answer
Question 5: The main aim of ‘Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana’ is ______.
  1. Providing irrigation facilities for organic farming
  2. Promoting sprinkler-irrigation among agriculturists in water-scarce and hill regions
  3. Promoting the utilisation of renewable energy in irrigation-intensive regions
  4. Providing some means of protective irrigation to all agricultural farms in the country
See
Answer

 

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