# Comprehensive News Analysis - 09 April 2017

##### B. GS2 Related:

POLITY

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

##### H. Archives

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### Useful News Articles for UPSC Current Affairs

A. GS1 Related

B. GS2 Related
Category: POLITY
1. Vulnerable tribes: lost in a classification trap

TOPIC: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections

Why in news?

• Anthropological Survey of India (AnSI) report has conveyed to the fore startling disclosures about the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) in the nation including the way that no gauge overviews have been directed among the greater part of such gatherings.

What is the need for baseline studies?

• Base line surveys are done to correctly recognize the PVTG families, their natural surroundings and financial status, so that improvement activities are actualized for these groups, in light of the statistical data points.

States response?

• In Tamil Nadu, advancement plans are being observed through the Tribal Research Center, Ooty, and executed by the State government.
• In Karnataka, all undertakings of two the PVTGs are taken care of by the Social Welfare Department, which broadens a few plans according as far as anyone is concerned, scarcely accepting any expert guidance.
• Just as of late, the Karnataka Tribal Research Center was been built up at Mysore while many States did as such decades back.

Unequal treatment

• Sometimes, a PVTG gets benefits just in a couple of districts in an area, while a similar gathering is denied in nearby pieces.
• The reason is that micro-projects develop benefits just inside their purview.
• For instance, the LanjiaSaora are perceived as a PVTG crosswise over Odisha however the miniaturized scale undertakings are built up just in two districts, and the advantages are obliged by smaller scale extends in these squares just, while whatever is left of the LanjiaSaora are dealt as among the Scheduled Tribes (STs).

Literacy rate

• Literacy rate among the PVTGs has gone up fundamentally over the past. From a solitary digit Literacy rate, the figures have expanded to 30 to 40 % in huge numbers of the PVTGs. Be that as it may, similar to the case with whole India, female Literacy rate is still impressively being down contrasted with male partner.
• The authors have called attention to at an extensive increment in the age of marriage among PVTGs. The frequency of young lady youngster being hitched while as yet being a minor, among these tribes has been diminishing.

2. Govt. favours booth-wise counting of votes in polls

TOPIC: RPA and Elections

What in news?

• The Center voted for the current routine of booth-wise tallying of votes over utilizing totaliser machines in decisions, saying that disclosure of booth-wise votes surveyed by an applicant would maybe be more advantageous since it would encourage the hopefuls and gatherings to discover the ranges where they have indicated better outcome and where they have not demonstrated great outcome in order to work more for that region by bringing more formative exercises to enhance their execution in future races.
• The counter argument was filed by a petition saying the uniform way of declaration of result for the entire constituency as a whole would bring balanced growth and funding and reduce cases fuelled by political vendetta, ill will and hatred.
• The petition claimed that “the declaration of result of every polling booth strikes at the root of right to privacy attached to voting.”

3. Track to efficiency: On creating a Rail Development Authority

TOPIC: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

What in news?

• Making a Rail Development Authority for India is among the most critical changes to a foundation framework attempted by the legislature.
• The prominent goal is for a cutting edge framework that offers fantastic go with low of mischances, while industry needs smooth cargo exchange.
• The proposed Authority would need to guarantee that the assets of the framework are ideally used, conquering existing wasteful aspects that emerge from the way that strategy, administrative and administration elements of the railroads are interlaced.
• As the National Transport Development Policy Committee noted in 2014, the centralisation of all capacities in the Railway Board has demonstrated adverse to the association’s development, especially when there is a requirement for huge investment in foundation for 7% or more GDP development.
• the controller needs to distinguish areas that can bolster higher levies and furthermore deliver more prominent volumes of activity. Such precise mediations are basic if the pattern of declining rates of development in railroad cargo incomes and volumes, which set in amid 2011-12, is to be turned around.
• One of the enormous difficulties before the Center is to encourage higher non-budgetary interest in the railroads.
• The Bibek Debroy Committee found the private segment is debilitated from taking an interest all the more viably because of a monopolistic structure.
• Thinking of a framework that de-dangers private speculation and makes a level playing field are among the real difficulties before the Rail Development Authority.
• The experience in urban communities demonstrates that utilization of data innovation to convey conventional administrations can prompt more elevated amounts of productivity and lower costs, other than including employments.
• While control of fees coordinating the nature of travel can help raise incomes, the framework ought to have the capacity to move both individuals and cargo speedier so as to develop.
• Accepting quicker, more agreeable trains on 500 km-in addition to between city courses would pull in new activity, and assist work less expensive traveler trains to inside territories, as a major aspect of the administration’s social commitment.
• Innovation redesigns are basic to raise conveying limit, benefit recurrence and rates.
• Rail change is unpredictable and what was embraced in Europe amid the 1990s, isolating foundation from operations, is an intriguing model

Category: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

What in news?

• Dalai Lama contrasted China’s activities in Tibet with the administration of Cambodian tyrant Pol Pot, who was considered in charge of the demise of more than a million Cambodians in the 1970s.
• Tibetan pioneer and profound master said that in spite of outrages in Tibet “like Pol Pot’s in Cambodia”, he had chosen to “pardon China” and was notwithstanding ready to take after the “One China” arrangement.
• “Tibet has had great relations with China for a huge number of years.
• But The Dalai Lama also slammed China for making a bid to name his successor.

Impact on Indo-China relations

• Chinese government provided a few direct dangers to India.
• Ministry of Foreign Affairs said it had “held up portrayals with the Indian Ambassador to China in Beijing, and the pertinent authority of the Indian Foreign Ministry in New Delhi” against the Dalai Lama’s visit to Arunachal Pradesh, which it says is “harming” India-China ties.

C. GS3 Related

Nothing here for Today

D. GS4 Related

Nothing here for Today

PIB Articles       Editorials Roundup

E. Concepts-in-News: Related Concepts to Revise/Learn

F. BILLS/ACTS/SCHEMES/ORGS IN NEWS
 BILLS/ACTS/SCHEMES/ORGANISATIONS IN NEWS About the Article
##### G. Practice Questions for UPSC Prelims Exam:)
Question 1: Which of the following are characteristics of Particularly Vulnerable
tribal groups PVTG’s?
1. Pre agricultural system of existence, i.e. they practice hunting or gathering
2. Zero or negative population growth
3. Extremely low level of literacy
4. Absence of a written language

Select the correct option.

1. 1 and 3 only
2. 2 and 4 only
3. 1, 3 and 4
4. All the above
See
Question 2: Which of the following are the recommendations given by Bibek
Debroy committee?
1. The report recommends setting up an overarching Railway Regulatory Authority of India (RRAI) as an independent regulatory body.
2. It recommended that present eight organized Group ‘A’ services in Indian Railways (recruitment process) can be broadly categorized in two bigger groupings viz. technical and non-technical services.

Select the correct options

1. 1 only
2. 2 only
3. Both 1 and 2
4. None of the above
See

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