# Comprehensive News Analysis - 28 March 2017

SOCIAL ISSUES

##### B. GS2 Related

POLITY

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

ECONOMY

##### H. Archives

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### Useful News Articles for UPSC Current Affairs

A. GS1 Related
Category: SOCIAL ISSUES

1. Suicide no more a crime

Key Points

• The Mental Healthcare Bill, which decriminalizes suicide and ensures the privilege to better human services for individuals with dysfunctional behaviour, was consistently passed in the Lok Sabha on Monday.
• The Bill orders that a man endeavouring suicide might be dared to experience the ill effects of “extreme anxiety” and, along these lines, should not be attempted or rebuffed by law. Encourage, the new Bill commands that people with self-destructive propensities be given assistance and restored.
• The Bill additionally guarantees free treatment for such people in the event that they are destitute or fall underneath the neediness line, regardless of the possibility that they don’t have a BPL card. The Bill unmistakably characterizes dysfunctional behaviour including that the prior definition, under Mental Health Act 1987 was unclear.

B. GS2 Related
Category: POLITY

1. SC counters push for Aadhaar

Key Points

• Countering the administration push to make Aadhaar obligatory for access to social welfare plots, the Supreme Court on Tuesday said acquiring the 12-digit Unique Identification number, which requires the holder to part with his own profile metric information, and utilizing it to profit himself of government appropriation was an intentional exercise.
• The court’s perceptions takes after a progression of late government brochures making Aadhaar obligatory to get to welfare plans like Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme and Employees Pension Scheme. The legislature has made Aadhaar obligatory for recipients, numerous from the poorest of poor people, in spite of a Constitution Bench of the court coordinating the administration in October 2015 that a subject can’t be constrained to have Aadhaar as a pre-condition to get to Centrally supported welfare plans.
• To put it plainly, the court had made it clear that the legislature was not allowed to separate between a man who has the Aadhaar card and one who does not.
• In any case, a Bench drove by Chief Justice of India J.S. Khehar on Tuesday found no blame with the administration’s decision to make Aadhaar compulsory for “non-welfare” exercises like opening a financial balance or recording Income Tax returns or applying for a portable association.

2. Find alternatives to pellet guns: SC Bench reminds govt. that it is a ‘welfare state’ meant to protect all without causing harm to none

Key Points

• Reminds govt. that a ‘welfare state’ is meant to protect all with harm to none.
• Reminding the government that it is a ‘welfare state’ meant to protect all without causing harm to none, the Supreme Court on Monday asked the Centre to come up with alternatives to pellet guns used by security forces against agitators and stone-pelting mobs on the streets of Jammu and Kashmir.

Category: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

1. India disproportionately benefits from H-1B scheme

Key Points

• Indian organizations and specialists are excessively picking up from the present technique for distribution of H-1B visas and this is a twisting of the program, said a U.S administrator at the cutting edge of a continuous battle against charged manhandle of the visa program.
• The present arrangement of choosing H-1B visa beneficiaries is neither reasonable nor effective, and it must be supplanted, said Congressman Darrell Issa, who has as of late acquainted a Bill that proposes with raise the base compensation of H-1B representatives to $1,00,000 every year from the present level of$60,000.

##### C. GS3 Related

Category: ECONOMY

1. Nod for 101 cold chain projects Leveraging Rs 3,100 crore investment will boost food processing sector

Key Points

• The Center has endorsed 101 new incorporated icy chain extends that will use an aggregate speculation of 3,100 crore for formation of present day foundation for the sustenance preparing segment.
• The ventures, which will be produced by organizations including Balmer Lawrie, Sterling Agro and Haldiram Snacks, are gone for multiplying ranchers’ wage, diminishing wastage in the agri-store network and making immense work openings.
• The plan of cold chain and esteem expansion framework gives monetary help of up to RS10 crore for business people. Ms. Badal said in regards to 2.6 lakh agriculturists would profit by these tasks including they will likewise give work to 60,000 individuals.

Cold chain network

• India is one of the biggest sustenance makers on the planet and the second biggest maker of products of the soil yet just 2.2% of our leafy foods are handled, as per an announcement from the legislature.
• Existing frosty stockpiles are gathered in a couple States and approximately 80% to 90% are utilized for potatoes, the announcement said.

2. ‘Digital platform to help railways save RS60,000 crore’

Key Points

• Whole operations can be observed on a solitary stage.
• Indian Railways will put about Rs 12,000 crore in building up a typical computerized stage for incorporating data from every one of its areas of expertise prompting investment funds of about Rs. 60,000 crore.
• In the last Rail Budget, Railway serve had declared an Enterprise Resource Planning framework that will be an IT-based stage for framework wide incorporation and arranging.
• ‘One ICT’ will cover every one of the parts of the Indian Railways, including cost examination, participation, bookkeeping, resource administration, therapeutic administration and land administration.
• Better limit and resource use would help the railroads run more prepares, convey more cargo, give better and solid administrations to travelers, increment its incomes and make its operations more protected.

3. Working to bring petroleum under GST, says Petroleum Minister

Key Points

• Petroleum Minister Dharmendra Pradhan on Monday said his Ministry was working towards bringing petroleum under the Goods and Services Tax (GST) as it would profit the states.
• “This (the consideration of petreoleum in GST) will profit the states likewise,” Mr. Pradhan said amid an occasion to check the marking of the agreements granted to the fruitful bidders amid the first round of offering for the found little oil and gas fields.
• The Minister said he anticipated that oil costs would stay in the $55–$60 territory in the close term.

Online portal

• The Petroleum Minister additionally initiated a two-way online entry by the Directorate General of Hydrocarbons created to encourage contract administration and the redressal of inquiries.
• “The gateway will get rid of the requirement for thumping on the entryways of government authorities to discover the advance of different tasks,” Mr.Pradhan said. “That is the dedication of the entry.”

D. GS4 Related

Nothing here for today!!!

E. Concepts-in-News: Related Concepts to Revise/Learn

F. BILLS/ACTS/SCHEMES/ORGS IN NEWS
 BILLS/ACTS/SCHEMES/ORGANISATIONS IN NEWS About the Article
##### G. Practice Questions for UPSC Prelims Exam:)
Question 1: Consider the following statements:
1. GST bill is constitutional bill requiring assent of more than half of the states.
2. It covers indirect taxes only and not direct taxes.

Which of the above statements is/are correct ?

1. 1 only
2. 2 only
3. Both 1 and2
4. None
See
Question 2: Digi Dhan Abhiyan is launched by which of the following ministry?
1. The Ministry of Electronics and IT
2. The Ministry of Finance
3. The Ministry of Corporate Affairs
4. Ministry of Commerce and Industry
See
Question 3: Recently H1-B scheme is in news. Which country has brought this bill?
2. Australia
3. The U.K.
4. The U.S.A.
See
Question 4: Consider the statements about the Mental Healthcare Bill 2016:
1. The bill ensures every person shall have a right to access mental health care and treatment from mental health services run or funded by the appropriate government.
2. One of the clauses in the bill decriminalises suicide, stating that a person who attempts suicide should be presumed to have severe stress, and shall not be punished.

Which of the above statements is/are correct ?

1. 1 only
2. 2 only
3. Both 1 and 2
4. None
See