Genetically Modified Crops (GM Crops)


Genetically modified crops or GM crops in short are the plants that are used in agriculture after their DNA has been modified with genetic engineering technology. It is mostly used to introduce a new trait or characteristic which it does not possess naturally to the plant species.

In food crops, GM crops are used to have traits like resistance to certain specific pests, environmental conditions or certain diseases; spoilage lessening; chemical treatments resistance (could be resistance to a herbicide); or also to enhance the nutrient content of the crop. In non-food crops, they are used to produce pharmaceutical agents, industrially useful products, biofuels and also for bioremediation.