Angus Deaton has won the Nobel Prize in economics for his work on consumption and the way poverty is measured, notably in India. It is said that India changed its methodology for measuring poverty thanks to research from the likes of Deaton.
Poverty alleviation is one of the fundamental objectives of a welfare state. Hence it is very important that one defines poverty in an acceptable manner. Correct definitions of poverty lead to better targeting of welfare measures and enhance the efficiency of poverty alleviation.
Poverty has a special place in CSE syllabus also – “Issues relating to poverty and hunger; Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population; Development processes and the development industry; Issues relating to development and management of social sector”- GS Paper II. Hence a complete understanding of the concepts of Poverty is sine qua non.
What is absolute poverty and relative poverty? Why do we need a poverty line? What is multidimensional poverty? How can we measure poverty? How has SECC changed the discourse on poverty? What are the major findings of SECC? What questions can UPSC put up from this area?