Civil Services In India

Civil Services in India refers to the career bureaucrats who are the permanent executive branch of the Republic of India. Civil Services of India are the main administrative backbone of the nation because, in a parliamentary system, a handful of elected ministers cannot handle the manifold problems of modern administration.

This article will provide a general overview of the Indian Civil Services and the processes in which future civil servants are inducted into various administrative posts across the country.

Civil Services Exam

The Civil Services Exam (CSE) is a nationwide competitive examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).

Through the Indian Civil Services Examination, UPSC recruits potential candidates for various posts in the Central and All India Civil Services posts in the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Revenue Service (IRS) etc.

To know more about the eligibility criteria and other details about the Indian Civil Services Exam, refer to this link.

The Civil Services Exam in India (UPSC exam) is conducted in three stages:

  1. Civil Services (Preliminary) – Objective Type
  2. Civil Services Exam (Main) – Descriptive Type
  3. Personality Test/ Interview

From the initial notification of the preliminary examination to the declaration of the final results, the entire process generally takes place within a year. The selected candidates are recruited and trained for various services by the Central Government and then allocated to different state cadres according to their preference and ranking

Civil Services in India

The Indian Civil Services posts are categorized into two groups: Group ‘A’ and Group ‘B’.

The UPSC rank allotment decides which services the candidates will be a part of.

Candidates are asked to list the services as per their preferences. The higher the rank the higher the chances of getting the post of their choice. Group ‘A’ services include three All India Services (IAS, IPS and the IFS) and other 18 allied services are listed in the table below.

Civil Services of India-All India Services

(I) Indian Administrative Services (IAS)
(II) Indian Forest Services (IFoS)
(III) Indian Police Services (IPS)

Civil Services of India-Group ‘A’ Services

(I) Indian Foreign Services (IFS)
(II) Indian P & T Accounts & Finances Service
(III) Indian Audit and Accounts Service
(IV) Indian Revenue Service (Custom and Central Excise)
(V) Indian Defence Accounts Service
(VI) Indian Revenue Service (I.T)
(VII) Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Assistant Works Manager, Administration)
(VIII) Indian Postal Service
(IX) Indian Civil Accounts Service
(X) Indian Railway Traffic Service
(XI) Indian Railways Accounts Service
(XII) Indian Railways Personnel Service
(XIII) Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force
(XIV) Indian Defence Estates Service
(XV) Indian Information Service (Junior Grade)
(XVI) Indian Trade Service
(XVII) Indian Corporate Law Service
(XVIII) Indian Revenue Service (CBEC)

Civil Services of India-Group ‘B Services

(I) Armed Forces Headquarter Civil Services (Section Officer’s Grade)
(II) Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service
(III) Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service
(IV) Pondicherry Civil Service
(V) Pondicherry Police Service

To know more about the UPSC Syllabus, aspirants may check the linked articles.

Indian Civil Services- Important Posts And Their Role

To get into civil services of India, an aspirant has to work hard and smart. Different aspirants have different aspirations with respect to the post they want to serve. While most of the aspirants dream to see themselves as bureaucrats in Indian civil services, others aspire to be diplomats, police officers, revenue-officers or more.

We are providing you with topmost Indian civil services and the work associated with these in the summary below:

Indian Administrative Services (IAS)

Indian Civil Services- IAS
Who is the controlling authority? Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
How is one recruited as an IAS officer? UPSC (CSE) Exam
What are the responsibilities
  • Handle governmental affairs
  • Frame policies related to affairs like social, political, economical
  • Modify policies
What is the training period? Two years of probationary period

Indian Police Services (IPS)

Indian Civil Services-IPS
Who is the controlling authority? Ministry of Home Affairs
How is one recruited as an IAS officer? UPSC (CSE) Exam
What are the responsibilities?
  • look after public safety and security
  • has certain subdivisions– Crime Branch, Traffic Bureau, Home Guards and Criminal Investigation Department (CID)
What is the training period? Two years

Indian Forest Services (IFoS)

Indian Civil Services-IFoS
Who is the controlling authority? Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change
How is one recruited as an IAS officer? UPSC (CSE) Exam
What are the responsibilities?
  • Work on and implement the National Forest Policy
What is the training period? Officer Trainee Training at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration.

State Civil Services In India

Under Articles 315 to 323 in Part XIV of the Indian Constitution, the Public Service Commission (PSC) is authorised to assist the respective state governments in matters of composition, appointment and removal of members, power, functions and other disciplinary actions.

As the Indian Civil Services exam, conducted by the UPSC, is the gateway to the Group A and Group B services, the State Public Service Commissions conduct their own recruitment exams that act as an entry point for the coveted services in the state administration.

Although the UPSC has a standard pattern for its recruitment process, the PSC exams may vary from state to state with differences in exam pattern, eligibility, conditions and syllabus.

Aspirants can get the state-wise details of civil services exams in India from the links below (more links will be updated later):

  1. KPSC – Find all the details of the Karnataka Public Service Commission (KPSC) – Karnataka Administrative Service (KAS) Exam 2019
  2. UPPSC – Find all the details of the Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission (UPPSC) – Provincial Civil Service (PCS) Exam 2019
  3. MPSC – Find all the details of the Maharashtra Public Service Commission (MPSC) – State Service Exam 2019
  4. RPSC – Find all the details of the Rajasthan Public Service Commission (RPSC) – Rajasthan Administrative Service (RAS) Exam 2019
  5. APPSC – Find all the details of the Andhra Pradesh Public Service Commission (APPSC) – Group 1 Services Exam 2019
  6. TNPSC – Find all the details of the Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission (TNPSC) – Group 1 Services Exam 2019
  7. BPSC – Find all the details of the Bihar Public Service Commission (BPSC) – Combined Competitive Exam 2019
  8. MPPSC – Find all the details of Madhya Pradesh Public Service Commission (MPPSC)- State Service Exam 2019
  9. GPSC– Find all the details of Gujarat Public Service Commission (GPSC)- Class-I Exam 2019
  10. WBPSC– Find all the details of West Bengal Public Service Commission (GPSC)- Combined Competitive Exam 2019
  11. JPSC– Find all the details of Jharkhand Public Service Commission (GPSC)- State Civil/Upper Services exam2019

State Civil Services in India v/s UPSC CSE

In the sheer scale of competitiveness, syllabus and pattern, both the UPSC and PSC exams are similar to each other. Both handle a high volume of applicants for limited vacancies and both have a three-stage exam process that lasts for almost a year.

However, the difference between the two lies in the benefit of reservation that candidates who hail from their respective state can avail. Candidates are advised to carefully go through the PSC notification with a fine tooth comb to check all the details for the same.

There is a rather huge time gap between the release of PSC online notification and the date of the actual exam. Also to keep in mind is the fact that both the PSC and UPSC exams have strict age limits, thus such delays may potentially endanger the alternative career prospects of the candidates. In light of this fact, it is advisable that candidates must simultaneously prepare for both UPSC and PSC.

You may also like to know what is the Civil Services Last India Rank to get the above-mentioned posts.

To prepare for the Civil Services in India, visit the links in the table given below:

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