UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Skill India Mission
Skill India Mission is an initiative of the Government of India, launched by the Prime Minister on the 16th of July 2015 with an aim to train over 40 crore people in India in different skills by 2022. It includes various initiatives of the government like “National Skill Development Mission”, “National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015”, “Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)” and the “Skill Loan scheme”. The skill India mission tries to create a synergy between education, training and work in order to enable them to build a stronger India.
National Skill Development Mission
The National Skill Development Mission was launched on the occasion of World Youth Skills Day i,e. 15th of July 2015. The mission was launched for creating convergence across various sectors and different States in terms of activities relating to skill training. The mission would, along with consolidating & coordinating skilling efforts, expedite decision making across sectors to achieve quality skilling on a large scale.
The scheme would be implemented through a streamlined institutional mechanism driven by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE). The key institutional mechanisms for achieving the objectives will consist of a Governing Council for policy guidance at apex level, a Steering Committee and a Mission Directorate (along with an Executive Committee) as the executive arm of the Mission. Mission Directorate will be supported by
- National Skill Development Agency (NSDA),
- National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), and
- Directorate General of Training (DGT)
Seven sub-missions have been proposed to lay a strong foundation for achieving the objectives of the programme. They are
- Institutional Training
- Overseas Employment
- Sustainable livelihoods
- Leveraging Public Infrastructure
National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015
The policy intends to create a skilling ecosystem on a large scale. The objective of the policy is to meet the challenges of skilling at a large scale with quality and speed, enabling the individuals to realize their full potential through the life-long learning process where the competencies are garnered via instruments such as credit accumulations, credible certifications etc. This policy will link skills development to improved employability and productivity.
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)
PMKVY is a flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE). It was launched with an objective of enabling a large number of youth in India to take up skill training that is relevant to specific industry, which would help them in securing a better livelihood. The individuals with prior skills and learning experiences would also be certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) component. The scheme caters monetary rewards to those individuals who have successfully completed the sanctioned training programmes.
Key components of the scheme are:
- Short-term training
- Recognition of Prior Learning
- Special Projects
- Kaushal and Rozgar Mela
- Placement Assistance
- Continuous Monitoring
- Standardized Branding and Communication
Sector-specific skill councils such as Agriculture Sector Skill Council, Food Industry Capacity and Skill Initiative (FICSI), Health Sector Skill Council etc are established under the scheme.
Skill Loan Scheme
The skill loan scheme was launched with an intent to support the youth willing to take up skill training programmes in the country. This Skill Loan Scheme replaced the earlier Indian Banks Association (IBA) Model Loan Scheme for Vocational Education and Training.
Any Indian National taking admission in a course offered by Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs), Polytechnics , school recognized by Central or State education Boards, college affiliated to recognized university, training partners affiliated to National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) Sector Skill Councils, State Skill Mission, State Skill Corporation can avail loan under the scheme. The repayment period under the scheme is 3 to 7 years. This scheme does not discriminate against women.