UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Integrated School Education Scheme
It has been decided by the government to subsume Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) and the Centrally Sponsored Scheme for Teacher Education (TE) which were operational since more than 15 years under an integrated school education scheme. The integrated scheme will be in place from 2018 to 2020.
Objectives of the Integrated School Education Scheme:
- To provide quality education and enhance the learning outcomes of students.
- To bridge Social and Gender Gaps in School Education;
- To ensure equity and inclusion at all levels of school education;
- To ensure minimum standards in schooling provisions;
- To promote vocationalization of education;
- To support the States in the implementation of Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009; and
- To strengthen and up-grade District Institutes for Education and Training (DIET), the State Councils for Educational Research and Training (SCERTs)/State Institutes of Education as the nodal agencies for training of teachers.
Sarva Sikhsa Abhiyan (SSA):
SSA is being implemented since 2001 for universalization of elementary education. After enactment of Right to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009 which confers the right to elementary education on all children, in the age group of 6-14 years, SSA became the central programme to fulfil its objectives.
Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA):
RMSA was launched in 2009 with the objective to enhance access to secondary education and improve its quality. The scheme envisages to enhance the enrolment by providing a secondary school with a reasonable distance of habitation, with an aim to ensure GER of 100 per cent and universal retention by 2020.
Centrally Sponsored Scheme for Teacher Education:
The Centrally Sponsored Scheme for Teacher Education was initiated in 1987 pursuant to the formulation of the National Policy of Education, 1986. It aims to establish District Institutes of Education and Training (DIETs) n all districts created up to 2011, strengthen Colleges of Teacher Education (CTEs), Institutes of Advanced Studies in Education (IASEs) and establish Block Institutes of teacher education (BITEs) in identified SC/ST/ minority concentration districts.