The International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) is a global framework established within the United Nations for the promotion of action to reduce social vulnerability and risks of natural hazards and related technological and environmental disasters. It is also known as United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction now in its current form as the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction.
The topic is important in the UPSC exam due to its importance in the international relations segment.
What is ISDR?
- The United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) is a global framework established within the United Nations for promoting action to decrease social vulnerability and natural hazards risks and related technological and environmental disasters.
- It builds upon the experience gained during 1990 – 1999 which had been designated as the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction.
- The ISDR incorporates the principles which were adopted in the above-mentioned Decade including Yokohama Strategy for a Safer World: Guidelines for Natural Disaster Prevention, Preparedness and Mitigation and its Plan of Action, and the Geneva Mandate on Disaster Reduction.
ISDR’s mandate has been defined by a number of United Nations General Assembly Resolutions, the most notable of which is “to serve as the focal point for the coordination of disaster reduction and to ensure synergies among the disaster reduction activities of the United Nations system and regional organizations and activities in socio-economic and humanitarian fields”.
Its core areas of work includes ensuring ISDR is applied to climate change adaptation, increasing investments for disaster relief, building disaster-resilient cities, schools and hospitals, and strengthening the international readiness for future calamities
- To facilitate the integration of management of risk into the development policies, programmes and projects of governments, communities and other agencies in disaster-prone areas.
- To enable communities to become disaster resilient thus, helping save lives and also protect social, environmental and economic assets.
- The ISDR works via a network of international organisations, expert and scientific institutions, private sector, civil society and government officials in order to raise public awareness about disaster reduction.
- It also works to motivate commitment from authorities, and encourage interdisciplinary and intersectoral partnerships, which will ultimately enhance the existing knowledge on natural hazards and the reasons why disasters occur.
- It is tasked with the implementation, follow-up, support and review of the Sendai Framework.