UPSC IAS Exam: 2016 IUCN Red List: Miscellaneous list

The IUCN Red list comprises of information about conservation status, taxonomic, and distribution of flora and fauna. It is regarded as the most comprehensive record of the global conservation status of biological species in the world. UPSC has asked many questions from IUCN Red List for UPSC IAS Prelims exam.

We have already come up with ‘Critically Endangered’ Mammals, ‘Vulnerable’ Mammals, ‘Vulnerable’ Herbivorous Marine Mammals, ‘Near Threatened’ Mammals, ‘Critically Endangered’, ‘Critically Endangered’ and ‘Endangered Fish’. Here in this IUCN Red list Part-6, we are giving the details of ‘critically endangered’ spiders, ‘Critically endangered’ corals.

 

‘Critically Endangered’ Spiders

Rameshwaram Parachute Spider

 

 

 

Scientific name

  • Poecilotheria hanumavilasumica

Red List Category

  • Critically Endangered

Also known as

  • Rameshwaram Ornamental

Habitat

  • Plantations

Major threat

  • Loss of plantations due to developmental activities

 

Gooty Tarantula

 

 

 

Scientific name

  • Poecilotheria hanumavilasumica

Red List Category

  • Critically Endangered

Also known as

  • Metallic Tarantula
  • Peacock Tarantula

Habitat

  • Wooded mountain area

Found in

  • Endemic to South India

Major threats

  • Illegal trade

 ‘Critically Endangered’ Corals

 Millepora boschmai

Scientific name

  • Millepora boschmai

Red List Category

  • Critically Endangered

Species  of

  • Fire coral

Found in

  • Indonesia
  • Gulf of Chiriqui
  • Panama Pacific Province

Major threats

  • Collected for decoration and jewellery trade
  • Rise in temperature

 

‘Near Threatened’ Reptiles

Sispara day gecko

Scientific name

  • Cnemaspis sisparensis

Red List Category

  • Near threatened

Habitat

  • Endemic to Western Ghats

Found in

  • Sispara, Nilgiris, Kavalai near Cochin

Major threats

  • Habitat loss

 Vulnerable Reptiles

Olive Ridley sea turtle

 

Scientific name

  • Lepidochelys olivacea

Red List Category

  • Vulnerable

Habitat

  • Warm and tropical waters
  • Coastal sandy beaches

Found in

  • Gahirmatha in Odisha

Major threats

  • Unsustainable egg collection
  • Slaughtering nesting females
  • Habitat loss

 

Previous year UPSC IAS Prelims Question

The “Red Data Books” published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) contain lists of (UPSC IAS Prelims 2011) 

  1. Endemic plant and animal species present in the biodiversity hotspots,
  2. Threatened plant and animal species.
  3. Protected sites for conservation of nature and natural resources in various countries.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

  1. 1 and 3
  2. 2 only
  3. 2 and 3
  4. 3 only

Answer: B

 Consider the following: (UPSC IAS Prelims 2012) 

  1. Black-necked crane
  2. Cheetah
  3. Flying squirrel
  4. Snow leopard

Which of the above are naturally found in India?

  1. 1, 2 and 3 only
  2. 1, 3 and 4 only
  3. 2 and 4 only
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

Answer: B

 

 

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