The Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission is an important initiative of the Central and State governments in India to propagate growth that is ecologically sustainable while at the same time addressing the energy security problems faced by India. The mission, alternatively known as the National Solar Mission, is a major part of India’s contribution to the worldwide effort to face the climate change challenges.
The mission’s objective is to make India an international leader in solar energy by generating policy conditions for solar energy diffusion throughout the country as fast as possible. The mission’s immediate goal is to concentrate on establishing an enabling environment for the penetration of solar technology in India at a centralised and decentralised levels. The mission’s first phase which was up to 2013 focused on capturing low hanging options in solar thermal, and on encouraging off-grid systems to cater to populations that had no access to commercial energy. It also focused on small capacity addition in grid-based systems.
This mission came in the news after the USA filed a case against the Indian government’s support to the solar programme. The WTO finally ruled that governmental support to the mission went against the trade-related investment measures agreed upon by India.