Government schemes are an important part of the UPSC syllabus. Every year, several questions can be asked from this segment in both the IAS prelims and the mains exams, directly or indirectly. In any case, you have to know about all the important government schemes as part of current affairs for the IAS exam. In this article, you can read about the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY).
Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana – Introduction
The PMUY is a scheme to provide LPG (liquid petroleum gas) to households below the poverty line. This is to have universal coverage of cooking gas in the country. The chief aim of this scheme to protect the health of the women and children in homes where unclean cooking fuels are used.
- About 10 crore households in the country use firewood, dung cakes, coal, etc. as their cooking fuel.
- The smoke emanating from such stoves are alarming and they cause severe health problems for the people living in such houses, especially the women who use them to cook food.
- As per WHO, about 5 lakh fatalities in India occur because of unclean cooking fuel.
- They cause severe respiratory diseases and problems as well.
- Additionally, there is also the hassle of collecting firewood from mostly unsafe places.
- To avoid these problems, the government came up with this scheme.
- It was inaugurated in Ballia, Uttar Pradesh by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 1st May, 2016.
- This will go a long way in making women more empowered.
- Under this scheme, 5 crore connections are to be provided to the people needing them.
- BPL families will be offered a support of Rs.1600 per connection. This is for the cylinder, booklet, pressure regulator, safety hose, etc. and will be borne by the government itself.
- Apart from these, the scheme also provides interest-free loans to buy stove and refill by oil marketing companies.
- The connections would be given in the name of women of the households.
- An initial outlay of Rs.8000 crore was sanctioned for the implementation of the scheme.
- The authorities would identify BPL families based on the Socio Economic Caste Census data.
- The scheme is also expected to create employment to the tune of about a lakh. It will also boost the ‘Make in India’ programme for manufacturers of gas cylinders, stoves, gas hose and regulators. Only domestic manufacturers are engaged in this.
- It is also a business opportunity to the tune of a minimum of Rs.10000 crore.
Pradhan Mantri LPG Panchayat
In 2017, the government launched the Pradhan Mantri LPG Panchayat, a follow-up scheme for the PMUY. Read more on the Pradhan Mantri LPG Panchayat scheme here.