Motor Vehicles Act
The Motor Vehicles Act 1988 is an Indian law that controls all matters pertaining to road transport vehicles in India. The act was enforced on 1st July 1989 replacing the earlier Motor Vehicles Act 1939. The 1939 act had supplanted the first enactment of such an act which was the Motor Vehicles Act of 1914. The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 gives the statutory provisions with respect to the licensing of conductors and drivers, motor vehicles registration, control of vehicles by way of permits, regulation of traffic, special provisions concerning state transport undertakings, liability, vehicles insurance, offences, penalties, etc. In order to exercise the legal provisions given in the Act, the Indian government formulated the Central Motor Vehicles Rules 1989. The 1989 law has been reviewed and the old law has been amended with the Indian Motor Vehicles Act 2017. The new act has many changes regarding fines and penalties for drivers and auto manufacturers for violations. The new law has made the penalty for deaths due to drunk-driving as 7 years instead of the earlier 2 years.