Topic of the Day – National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR)

UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR)

Commissions and committees are an important part of the UPSC syllabus. Every year, a few questions are asked about them in the IAS exam prelims and also mains.

The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) is a statutory body under the Commissions for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005. The statutory body is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Women & Child Development, GOI. NPCR was set up in 2007 as per the CPCR Act, 2005, (the Act of the Parliament). Its objective is to protect, promote and defend child rights in India including rights adopted in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Children, 1989, ratified by India in 1992. For both, the Commission and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Children, the definition of a child is any human being below the age of 18 years.

Role of NCPCR

The mandate of NCPCR:

The Commission’s Mandate is to ensure that all the Policies, Programmes, Administrative Mechanisms, and Laws are in conformity with the Child Rights perspective as enshrined in the Constitution of India and also the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.

  • The NCPCR envisages a rights-based perspective directing National Policies and Programmes, along with nuanced responses at the State, District, and Block levels, taking care of specificity and strengths of each region.
  • To ensure that no child is left out, it seeks a deeper coverage of households, communities. It also expects that the ground experiences gathered at the field are taken into consideration by the higher level authorities.
  • Therefore, the Commission sees an indispensable role for the State, efficient institution-building processes, respect for decentralization at the local bodies and community level and larger societal concern for children and their well-being.

The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) emphasizes the principle of universality and inviolability of child rights and recognizes the tone of urgency in all the child-related policies of the country. For the Commission, protection of all children in the 0 to 18 years age group is of equal importance. 

 

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