The 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference, also known as COP 21 or CMP 11 was the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC 1992 (which occurs once annually). It was also session no. 11 of the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (1997). COP 21 was held in Paris from 30th November to 12th December 2015. This conference resulted in the Paris Agreement which was the first universal and binding agreement on global climate. It was adopted by 195 countries. The agreement sought to reduce emissions and bring down global warming and climate change. A major long term objective was to keep the rise in the average global temperatures to under 2°C above the level of the pre-industrial period. Several preparatory meetings had taken place to the build-up to the COP 21.