Prime Minister of India: UPSC Indian Polity

The IAS prelims exam is going to be conducted on 2nd June 2019. The UPSC IAS 2019 Exam will be conducted by UPSC is a screening test with two General Studies Papers. They are objective in nature. The General studies paper I consist of all the general subjects like Indian polity, history, geography, economics. Current affairs etc. Indian Polity is a very important topic in UPSC IAS 2019 Prelims Exam.

Polity deals with the political and administrative system of a country. Under this subject, the UPSC aspirants study about the administrative system in India, government machinery, states, union territories, local administration etc. In order to understand the governance setup of the country one has to be thorough with the subject Indian polity.

After becoming an IAS officer also, the polity places an important role. The civil servants are the inevitable component of administrative machinery, so Indian polity plays a prominent role in the daily life of a civil servant.

India is a democratic country with its head of the government as Prime Minister. Knowing the prime minister will help you. We have 18 prime ministers from independence. It helps you to remember the important economic reforms, major scientific initiatives, historical events, the geographical phenomenon like the earthquake which happened in the time period of the particular prime minister and help to ease studying other General Studies also.

Let’s see the eligibility, roles, and powers of Indian Prime minister along with some interesting facts about them.

Role of Indian Prime Minister

The leader of Country: The Prime Minister of India is the Head of the Government of India.

Portfolio allocation: The Prime Minister has an authority to assign portfolios to the Ministers.

Chairman of the Cabinet:  The Prime Minister is the chairman of the cabinet and presides the meetings of the Cabinet. He can impose his decision if there is a crucial opinion difference among the members.

Official Representative of the country: Prime minister represents the country for high-level international meetings

The link between the President and the Cabinet:  The Prime Minister acts as the link between President and cabinet. He communicates all decisions of the Cabinet to the President which is related to the administration of the affairs of the Union and proposals for legislation.

Head:  The Prime Minister is the head of Nuclear Command Authority, NITI Aayog, Appointments Committee of the Cabinet, Department of Atomic Energy, Department of Space and Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.

Chief Advisor: He acts as the chief advisor to the President


To become an Indian prime minister one has to be

  • A citizen of India.
  • A member of either the Rajya Sabha or Lok Sabha
  • Should complete 30 years if he is a member of the Rajya Sabha or  25 years of age if he is a member of the Lok Sabha.

Indian Prime Minister- 1947- 2017


Prime Minister



Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

15th Aug  1947- 27th May 1964


Gulzarilal Nanda (interim)

27th May 1964- 9th Jun 1964


Lal Bahadur Shastri

9th June 1964 -11th January 1966


Gulzarilal Nanda

11th January 1966- 24th January 1966


Indira Gandhi

24th January 1966- 24th March 1977


Morarji Desai

24th March 1977- 28th July 1979


Charan Singh

28th July 1979- 14th January 1980


Indira Gandhi

14th January 1980- 31st October 1984


Rajiv Gandhi

31st October 1984- 2nd December 1989


Vishwa Pratap Singh

2nd December 1989- 10th November 1990


Chandra Shekhar

10th November 1990-21st June 1991


P. V Narasimha Rao

21st June 1991- 16th May 1996


Atal Bihari Vajpayee

16th May 1996-1st June 1996


H. D Deve Gowda

1st June 1996- 21st April 1997


Inder Kumar Gujral

21st April 1997- 18th March 1998


Atal Bihari Vajpayee

18th March 1998- 22nd May 2004


Dr. Manmohan Singh

22nd May 2004 -17th May 2014


Narendra Modi

26th May – till date


Interesting facts about Indian Prime ministers


  • Longest serving Indian Prime Minister: Jawaharlal Nehru (1947 – 1964)
  • Second Longest serving Indian Prime Minister: Dr. Manmohan Singh
  • Acting Prime Minister for Twice: Gulzari Lal Nanda
  • First woman to receive the Bharat Ratna: Indira Gandhi
  • First non-Congress Prime Minister of India: Morarji Desai
  • Indian Prime Minister received Pakistan’s highest civilian award: Morarji Desai
  • Youngest Indian Prime Minister: Rajiv Gandhi
  • First Prime Minister from South India: P.V. Narasimha Rao
  • First Prime Minister of India who was a member of the Rajya Sabha: H.D. Deve Gowda


Practice questions for UPSC IAS Prelims 2019
  1. Who is the chairman of NITI Aayog?
  1. President of India
  2. Finance minister
  3. Prime Minister
  4. Cabinet secretary
UPSC previous year questions

Previous year UPSC question paper is an inevitable factor in UPSC preparation. By solving previous year question will help to understand the nature of the question asked by UPSC. Click here to get UPSC previous year question paper and enhance your UPSC 2019 IAS prelims Preparation.

When the annual Union Budget is not passed by the Lok Sabha (UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Examination 2011)

  1. The Budget is modified and presented again
  2. The Budget is referred to the Rajya Sabha for suggestions
  3. The Union Finance Minister is asked to resign,
  4. The Prime Minister submits the resignation of Council of Ministers

Answer: D

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