Concept: Sexual Harassment of Women at the Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013
Topic: Governance, Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude (GS- IV)
Category: Government policies and interventions
Related News: Hindu, Feb 12
CNA mentions: 1(Feb 12)
Sexual Harassment of Women at the Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013
The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013 is an Indian law that aims to give protection to women at their workplaces from sexual harassment. It was passed by the Lok Sabha on 3rd September 2012 and by the upper house on February 26th, 2013. The act obtained the presidential assent on 23rd of April the same year and then became effective on 9th December 2013. The law essentially replaced the Supreme Court-promulgated Vishakha Guidelines (procedural guidelines for sexual harassment prevention). However, the International Labour Organisation (ILO) has remarked that only a small number of Indian companies/business owners were compliant to the law. Basically, the law establishes a procedure and a system for the hearing of sexual harassment complaints by employees. Most Indian companies have not executed this law despite it being mandatory for a firm with over ten employees to do so legally. This act is applied only for women and for all women in any workplace, whether private or government. The act does not require the woman to be working in that workplace.