UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – United Nations Broadband Commission For Sustainable Development
In order to promote Internet access, the Broadband Commission For Sustainable Development was established in May 2010, as a joint initiative between, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). It was initially setup as the Broadband Commission for Digital Development. It was thought that the broadband networks would help achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), announced by the UN in the year 2000, with a target date of 2015.
- Government representatives, policy makers, academia, organisations concerned with development and the international agencies are the members of the United Nations Broadband Commission For Sustainable Development.
- It aims at boosting the importance of broadband on the international policy agenda and expand access to broadband in each and every country as a key for accelerating progress towards national as well as the international targets for development.
- United Nations Broadband Commission For Sustainable Development releases the ‘State of Broadband’ report every year.
‘State of Broadband’ report
Specific actions for the policy makers and the regulators are set out in the report, addressing four key themes namely,
- Healthy investment climate
- Lower infrastructure supply costs
- Better functioning Information and Communication Technology (ICT) markets
- Liberating demand for wider digital economy to encourage the supply and investment
The commission has set the following targets for Sustainable Development to be achieved by the year 2025:
- All countries should have a funded national broadband plan or strategy include broadband in their universal access and services definition.
- Entry-level broadband services should be made affordable in developing countries, at less than 2% of monthly gross national income per capita.
- Broadband-Internet user penetration should reach: 0 75% worldwide 0 65% in developing countries 35% in least developed countries 60% of youth and adults should have achieved at least a minimum level Of proficiency in sustainable digital skills.
- 40% of the world’s population should be using digital financial services. Gender equality should be achieved across all targets.
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