Unlawful Activities(Prevention) Act
The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act is a law that aims at the effective prevention of associations indulging in ‘unlawful activities’. The chief objective of the law was to empower the state deal effectively with activities that are directed against the sovereignty and integrity of India. The law was originally passed in 1967. The latest amendment to the law was in 2008. The law has been alleged to have been misused by the state and is considered by many to be a draconian law. The law was a result of the Constitution (Sixteenth Amendment) Act, 1963 which empowered the parliament to pass laws that restricted certain fundamental rights like the freedom of speech and expression, right to form unions or associations and the right to assemble peacefully without arms.