Concept: Unlawful Activities(Prevention) Act
Topic: India’s Neighbourhood
Category: Indo-China Relations
Related News: Hindu, May 23
CNA mentions: 1 (May 23)
Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act
UPSC aspirants should be aware of important government legislation that affect the country and make headlines. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act is one such act. In this article, you can read about it in brief.
The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act is a law that aims at the effective prevention of associations indulging in ‘unlawful activities’. The chief objective of the law was to empower the state deal effectively with activities that are directed against the sovereignty and integrity of India. The law was originally passed in 1967. The latest amendment to the law was in 2008. The law has been alleged to have been misused by the state and is considered by many to be a draconian law. The law was a result of the Constitution (Sixteenth Amendment) Act, 1963 which empowered the parliament to pass laws that restricted certain fundamental rights like the freedom of speech and expression, right to form unions or associations and the right to assemble peacefully without arms.
Thus the main objective of the bill was to give powers so as the activities which are directed against the sovereignty and integrity of India can be curbed. The Act also creates punishments for terrorist activities. Under Section 15 of the Act, the Terrorist Act is defined.
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