Interesting Facts about South Asia Satellite for UPSC

South Asia Satellite UPSC

The Latest GK and current affairs is a significant topic for UPSC IAS Examination. Recently India had launched GSAT-9. It is very important to keep a track on the recent current affairs. Newspapers are the major sources of Latest GK and Current Affairs. In 2013, India launched Mars Orbiter Mission and in 2017, India launched 104 mini-satellites with a single rocket. UPSC aspirants can prepare GK and Current Affairs by reading newspapers especially the editorials. Aspirants can check here for Daily new Analysis in a meticulous way which will help your UPSC IAS Exam preparation.

Here we are giving interesting facts about the South Asia Satellite or GSAT-9. India wants to strengthen its ‘Neighbourhood First’ policy. It has unilaterally proposed a satellite to SAARC nations. All the SAARC countries agreed to participate in this project except Pakistan.

  • GSAT-9 is also known as the South Asia Satellite and GSLV-F09.
  • It is a geosynchronous meteorology and communications satellite.
  • It is developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation for SAARC region.
  • South Asia Satellite services consist of Afghanistan, Bhutan, Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Nepal, and Sri Lanka (SAARC nations excluding Pakistan).
  • GSAT-9 was launched on 5th May 2017 from the Second Launch Pad at Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota, the spaceport of India.
  • C-band transponders and S-band telemetry allow GSAT-9 performance tracking, monitoring, flight safety, range safety, and Preliminary Orbit Determination (POD).
  • Each SAARC nation excluding Pakistan will get access to at least one transponder.
  • The GSAT-9 functions include:
    • Telecommunications
    • Deeper IT connectivity
    • Disaster management
    • Mapping terrain
    • Natural resources
    • Weather forecasting services
    • Education
  • The satellite was carried in an approximately 50m-tall rocket that weighs about 412 tons.
  • Sri Lanka and Afghanistan already have complete communication satellites.
  • Pakistan and Sri Lanka have developed a satellite with Chinese collaboration.
  • Afghanistan has an old India-made satellite assimilated from Europe.


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