UPSC 2017-18: PIB Summary and Analysis Dec 03

International Day of Persons with Disabilities

  • It is an international observance promoted by the United Nations since 1992.
  • It aims to promote the rights and well-being of persons with disabilities in all spheres of society and development, and to increase awareness of the situation of persons with disabilities in every aspect of political, social, economic and cultural life.
  • It also seeks to increase awareness of gains to be derived from the integration of persons with disabilities in every aspect of political, social, economic and cultural life.
  • 2017 Theme: “Transformation towards sustainable and resilient society for all”
  • The 2030 Agenda pledges to “leave no one behind”. Persons with disabilities, as both beneficiaries and agents of change, can fast track the process towards inclusive and sustainable development and promote resilient society for all, including in the context of disaster risk reduction and humanitarian action, and urban development.
  • Governments, persons with disabilities and their representative organisations, academic institutions and the private sector need to work as a “team” to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Context

  • President Presents ‘National Awards for Divyangjan Empowerment -2017’ on International Day of Persons with Disabilities 

Details

  • According to Census 2011, there are 2.68 crore persons with disabilities in our country who exhibit great diversity in terms of quantum of disability as well as types of disabilities.
  • To give focussed attention to the schemes and programmes for empowerment of Persons with Disabilities, a new Department under the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment came into existence during the year 2012.

 

 

Agricultural Education Day

  • The Indian Council of Agricultural Research had decided to celebrate the birthday (3 December) of the first Indian union agriculture minister (1946) and the first President of Independent India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad as Agricultural Education Day in India.
  • By this initiative, the ICAR aims to develop interest in agriculture and allied sciences among the school and college students and to choose ‘agriculture’ as their professional & research career or engage themselves in farming as agrientrepreneurs

Objective

  • The objective is to attract youth including school children towards agricultural education.

Govt Initiative

  • The government of India has increased the budget of Agricultural Education by 47.4% this year as compared to the financial year 2013-14.
  • In order to adopt quality and holistic approach to higher agricultural education, the Fifth Dean Committee Report has been implemented in all the Agricultural Universities.
  • Recognizing the immense potential of North-Eastern India, six new colleges have been opened by the Modi Government under the Central Agricultural University, Imphal

Student READY Programme

  • Student READY programme has been started for graduates of agriculture and allied subjects to ensure new direction for entrepreneurship development better employability.
  • The main objective of this programme is to provide confidence and complete skills to agricultural Graduates while studying at undergraduate level.
  • Under this programme, there is also a provision for working with the farmers in the fourth year of the bachelor’s degree.
  • Apart from this, the system of training has also been widely given in the production industries. The stipends given to students under Student READY have been increased from Rs 750 / – to Rs 3000 / – per month. 

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