UPSC 2017 Mains Exam: Editorials Question for Answer Practice – April 24

Today’s important editorials and articles from The Hindu, The Indian Express, LiveMint and other major newspapers for UPSC Mains exam preparation. Also find below some probable questions on the editorials for answer writing practice.

1. It’s time to reform the RTE Act (April 22, 2017)

After more than half a decade of implementation of RTE, there is a need to bring some reforms in it-discuss.

 

Some keywords from the editorials for answer writing
there is much to applaud in the RTE Act but its flaws, and the flaws in the education system itself, are deep-seated and numerous-the story of the Right to Education (RTE) Act-a simple idea, that all children had a right to be educated in good schools-this right must be consecrated in law-education is a concurrent subject, both the realm of the central and the state governments-The RTE Act, of course, came from the centre, and mandated certain actions that were an imposition on state governments, and on the private sector-it was selective-within the good parts of RTE Act lies some practical pitfalls because of which protests against the RTE Act have simmered for years-The intent of the Act and its impact diverged, causing much upheaval in the school sector in India-the excellent push towards school management committees that were to support governance at the school level suffered on the ground since they had no powers, no funds and, worse still, no support to train their members in governance-broadly three categories of problems with the RTE Act-1. the act does not apply to all schools-2. the costs of the RTE Act were neither articulated, nor allocated-3. the provisions of the Act intervene in schools in ways that are not necessarily beneficial to learning

 

2. From plate to plough: The faraway fields

The flagship schemes implemented in the last couple of years are a case of right policies but bad implementation-evaluate.

 

Some keywords from the editorials for answer writing
the right moves with its flagship schemes for agriculture, but these have not made much difference to the lives of farmers so far-In the first three years of the Modi government, agri-GDP grew by just 1.7 per cent per annum, which is less than half of what was achieved during the last three years of the UPA government (3.6 per cent)-poor performance was caused primarily by droughts in 2014 and 2015. In order to tackle droughts more effectively-the Modi government tweaked and improvised existing schemes and launched the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) and Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY). Also, a new scheme, the e-National Agriculture Market (e-NAM), was launched to link 585 regulated agri-markets across the country-the implementation of various components of this scheme depends on three different departments — Agriculture, Water Resources, and Rural Development……….

3. Crop loan recovery rates see sharp decline in Maharashtra

4. Farm loan write-offs win votes in India, but may hurt economy (April 19, 2017)

5. Loan waiver is not the solution to farm crisis (April 11, 2017)

The farm loan waiver is a case of good politics and bad economics.

 

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