Election Commission of India is a very important body in Indian polity. Hence, it is a very crucial topic for the UPSC exam and candidates must read about it in detail, its mandate, functions, members, etc. for the IAS exam.
The election commission is a constitutional body established to conduct elections to Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, president and vice presidential elections. It was established in January 25, 1950 (voters day). It’s a multi-member body consisting of the Chief Election Commissioner and 2 election commissioners appointed by the president for a fixed tenure. Chief Election Commissioner and other election commissioners enjoy the same power, salary and other emoluments. But the Chief Election Commissioner presides over meetings. Election Commission of India performs administrative, advisory and quasi-judicial functions. In every election, it issues a model code of conduct to run elections in a free and fair manner. This code was issued for the first time in 1971 in the country’s 5th general elections. The commission revises this document from time to time. In 1989, a law was enacted with respect to the registration process for political parties. And, under that law, several political parties got themselves registered.
Which of the following are constitutional bodies?
- Election commission
- Finance Commission
- NITI Aayog
Answer according to the codes given below:
- 1 only
- 1 and 2 only
- 2 and 3 only
- All of the above
|The Structure of a Department|
|The Election Commission of India was established|
|Former CEC T N Seshan|