Tribal movements in India UPSC
The tribal revolts that took place during the British rule were isolated and localized in nature devoid of any feeling of nationalism amongst the tribals. These outbursts were due to local grievances which were primarily economic in nature. The primary targets were local interests (money-lenders, traders, land-grabbers etc). The increasing official control of forest zones for revenue purposes, exploitation by forest contractors, a spread of Christian missionary activities in their areas, influx of outsiders from the plains, unpaid tribal labour etc where some of the causes for these revolts. They were led by their own leaders and were easily suppressed by the British. These revolts are historically important because they throw light upon the sufferings of a section of the people who were not politically vocal and were not mobilized by the leaders of the freedom struggle against foreign rule. Below is given the Infographic on Tribal Movements consisting various tribal revolts in India that took place before the independence from the British rule in the year 1947. The Infographic on Tribal Movements covers those tribal uprisings that occurred during the period of British rule in India or before independence that would help candidates to remember the tribal movements and dates of the revolts easily for IAS Exam preparation.
|Ryotwari and Mahalwari System of Land Revenue|
|Revolutionaries in the Indian Freedom Movement|
|Popular Uprisings against the British by Deposed Chieftains and Landlords|