Wetland Conservation; GIS technology
Wetland conservation: Wetland conservation is the conservation of areas where water exists at or near the surface of the earth, like swamps, bogs and marshes. At least 6% of the earth are covered by wetlands and about half of the globe’s population depend on inland freshwater wetlands for their basic water requirements. That is more than 3 billion people. For this reason, and also for the ecosystems services provided by wetlands, wetland conservation has acquired a lot of significance in recent years. Rice is crop chiefly grown in natural as well as artificial wetlands, and about half the world have rice as the staple food. In certain areas like the Kilombero wetland in Tanzania, nearly the whole population depends on wetland cultivation for livelihood.
GIS technology: A geographic information system or GIS is a system that captures, stores, analyses, manipulates, manages and presents spatial or geographic data. It is a technology that analyses spatial location and organizes layers of information into visualizations using maps and 3D scenes. A popular example of this technology’s application is in the maps Apps marketed by major companies. Another application is in the field of education where it particularly aids the teaching of geography. It also finds applications in governance especially in emergency response situations, fire safety operations, etc. GIS is also used in military and security operations.