What are the 4 main factors that affect the size of a wave?

Waves form as a result of the gravitational forces, water’s motion and winds. The main factors that affect the formation of waves are:

  • Fetch
  • Wind velocity
  • Duration

The speed of the wind is known as wind velocity, the distance of the water over which the wind can blow uninterrupted is known as fetch, the amount of time the wind blows over that patch of water is known as duration. The longer the fetch, the greater the wind velocity and the greater duration the wind blows, then the more energy is converted to waves and the bigger the waves.

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