What is the Hybridization of PCl5

Phosphorus contains 5 electrons of valence. Therefore, PCl5 molecules have sp3d hybridization and therefore a trigonal bipyramidal structure, 1 electron each is shared by chlorine atom. If seen, it has a pyramidal structure in which phosphorus is hybridised with sp3d.

PCl5 structure: In gaseous and liquid phases, it has a trigonal bipyramidal structure. While the two axial bonds are longer than equatorial bonds, the three equatorial P-Cl bonds are similar.

The five orbitals are free for hybridization, namely 1s, 3p, and 1d. A set of 5sp3d hybrid orbitals guided to the 5 corners of a trigonal bipyramidal can therefore be obtained (VSEPR theory). The 5sp3d phosphorus orbitals in PCl5 overlap with the p orbitals of chlorine atoms. P orbitals are occupied separately.

Hybridization of PCl5

Was this answer helpful?


3.5 (20)


Choose An Option That Best Describes Your Problem

Thank you. Your Feedback will Help us Serve you better.

Leave a Comment

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published. Required fields are marked *