Wöhler’s synthesis, without including living organisms, of an organic compound from inorganic chemicals is generally regarded as the starting point of modern organic chemistry. He was dubbed the father of organic chemistry. The synthesis of urea is not the primary assertion of Wöhler to fame.
The study of the chemistry of carbon compounds is organic chemistry. Carbon is singled out because it has a chemical diversity that is unmatched by any other chemical element. Its diversity is based on the following factors: carbon atoms are comparatively closely related to other atoms of carbon.